The Role of Triple Helix Actors for Agro-Tourism Development in West Sumatera

Widya Fitriana

Abstract


Agricultural sector as a main contributor to GDP formation in West Sumatera is required to be able to diversify its business in order to highest achieving economic and social development. One diversified agricultural business prospective to be developed is agro-tourism. The development of agro-tourism requires collaboration and synergy between academician, businessman and government as known as triple helix actors. This study is designed with aim to (i) map the agro-tourism potential in west Sumatera; (ii) analyze the role of each actors, so they may take action in accelerating Agro-tourism development. This research uses observation, depth interview method, literature study and focus group discussion. The result shows that agro-tourism in West Sumatra is more prominent of great natural and cultural value, small scale and lack of local facilities. It also requires relatively high level of investment relative to its return. Therefore government support is likely an essential element of agro-tourism development and the effort may be better directed toward consolidating with intellectual and business also.


Keywords


agro-tourism, rural development, role of triple-helix

Full Text:

PDF

References


Dragulanescu, I, V,. and Drutu, M.(2012). Rural Tourism For Local Economic Development. International Journal of academic Research In Accounting, Finance and Management Science. Vol 2 (2012) pp. 196-203

Etzkowitz, H and Leydesdorff, L(1998). Triple Helix of Innovation: Introduction, Science and Public Policy 25 (6): 358-364

Godin, B. and Gingras, Y. (2000). The Place of Universities In The System of Knowledge Production. Research Policy, 29(2), 273-278

Laydesdorff, L. (2012). The Triple Helix of University-Industry-Government Relations.http://www.leydesdorff.net/th12/th12.pdf) diunduh pada 20 Agustus 2016

Leydesdorff, L. H. Etzkowitz. (1996). Emergence of a Triple Helix of University Industry-GovernmentRelations, Science and Public Policy 23 (5): pp. 279-286

Mahaliyanaarachchi, R, P,. (2015). Agro-Tourism as a Risk Management Strategy in Rural Agriculture Sector: With Special Reference to Developing Countries. The Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 11, No. 1, January 2016. Pp. 1 - 12

Miles, M.S.; Huberman, A.M. (1984). Qualitative Data Analysis: A Sourcebookof Mew Methode. Baverly Hills: Sage Publications.

Muslim, Aziz. (2016) Economic Community Empowerment Throug Tourist Village Development. Jurnal Mimbar Vol 32; pp.343-352

Mutana, S. (2013). Rural tourism for pro-poor development in Zimbabwean rural communities: prospects in Binga rural district along Lake Kariba. International Journal of Advanced Research in Management and Social Sciences. Vol 2, No 4. Pp. 147-164

Ranga, M., Etzkowitz, H,. (2012). A Triple Helix System for Knowledge-based Regional Development: From “Spheres” to “Spaces”. Stanford University, US

Risteski M., Kocevski, J., & Arnaudov, K. (2012). Spatial planning and sustainable tourism as basis for developing competitive tourist destinations.Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 44, pp. 375 – 386.

Sarpong, D. Meissner D, Alexander E, Razak A. (2016). Organizing practices of university, industry and government that facilitate (or impede) the transition to a hybrid triple helix model of innovation. Technological Forecasting & Social Change.

Wildan, Sukardi, Syuaib MZ. (2016). The Feasibility of Development of Social Capital-Based Ecotourism in West Lombok. Jurnal Mimbar. 1pp. 214-222




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29313/mimbar.v33i2.2098

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.

Comments on this article

View all comments




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.