Pengelolaan Kota melalui Jejaring Sister City: Kasus Studi dari Indonesia

Gina Puspitasari Rochman

Abstract


Abstract. Previous research has examined global cities networks by means of the sister city cooperations and the factors which influence its implementation. However, there is no research which examines the extent to which these factors influence the success of sister city cooperation. Therefore, investigating the success factors of the sister city cooperation that contribute to city management is carried out. The case study approach is used by applying in-depth interviews to key informants for subsequent coding and content analysis. We found that the reciprocal relations accurring between the two cities are main factors which spur the sister city cooperation so that it led to the improvement of human resources, helped reduce problems in managing the city environment, and triggered increased market opportunities and global competitiveness. This condition is also supported by consistent local leadership. Meanwhile, shared interests and community participation are needed as a prerequisite for a development process and cooperation relationships that do not directly affect the success of the cooperation.

 

Abstrak. Penelitian sebelumnya telah banyak memeriksa jejaring kota – kota di dunia melalui kemitraan sister city dan faktor – faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap pelaksanaannya. Namun, belum ada penelitian menyeluruh yang memeriksa sejauh mana faktor – faktor tersebut berpengaruh terhadap kemitraan sister city. Untuk itu, investigasi terhadap faktor - faktor kesuksesan kemitraan sister city yang dapat berkontribusi terhadap pengelolaan kota dilakukan. Pendekatan studi kasus digunakan dengan menerapkan wawancara mendalam terhadap informan kunci untuk selanjutnya dilakukan proses pengkodean dan analisis isi. Kami menemukan bahwa hubungan timbal balik yang terjadi antara kedua kota menjadi faktor utama yang memicu kemitraan sister city sehingga mengarah pada peningkatan sumber daya manusia, membantu mengurangi masalah pengelolaan lingkungan kota, serta memicu peningkatan peluang pasar dan daya saing global. Kondisi tersebut ditunjang juga oleh kepemimpinan lokal yang konsisten. Sementara itu, kepentingan bersama dan partisipasi masyarakat dibutuhkan sebagai prasyarat dari suatu proses pembangunan dan hubungan kemitraan yang tidak berpengaruh langsung terhadap kesuksesan kemitraan.


Keywords


jejaring sister city, kemitraan, kesuksesan, pengelolaan kota, Indonesia

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.29313/ethos.v7i2.4526

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