Perbandingan Fungsi Paru Juru Parkir Basement dengan Juru Parkir Ruang Terbuka di Kota Bandung

Galih Trissekti, Mia Kusmiati, Budiman Budiman

Abstract


Polusi udara bertanggung jawab atas 3,1 juta kematian seluruh dunia setiap tahunnya. Efek buruk dari polusi udara berdasarkan penelitian pada tiga lokasi berbeda di Beijing, Cina tahun 1986, menyatakan bahwa peningkatan konsentrasi polusi udara sebesar 1 mikrogram/m3 mampu menurunkan forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) sebesar 35,6 mL. Populasi yang berisiko mengalami masalah pernapasan akibat terpapar asap kendaraan yang dapat terhirup setiap waktu ini secara jangka panjang, salah satunya adalah juru parkir. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui perbandingan fungsi paru juru parkir basement dengan juru parkir ruang terbuka di Kota Bandung periode Januari–Juni2014. Desain penelitian bersifat analitik kuantitatif dengan rancangan potong lintang terhadap masig-masing 33 subjek yang berprofesi sebagai juru parkir basement dan juru parkir ruang terbuka. Terlebih dahulu dilakukan pengukuran data karakteristik fisik berupa usia (tahun) dan IMT (kg/m2), selanjutnya dilakukan pengukuran fungsi paru menggunakan parameter FEV1, forced vital capacity (FVC), dan FEV1/FVC dengan spirometri, kemudian dibandingkan antara kedua kelompok juru parkir. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa nilai median FEV1 juru parkir basement (3.300 mL, range 2.600–4.400 mL) dan juru parkir ruang terbuka (3.000 mL, range 2.300–3.800 mL) dengan nilai p=0,011. Nilai FVC rata-rata juru parkir basement (3.587,88 ± 470,21 mL) dan juru parkir ruang terbuka (3.287,88 ± 478,77 mL) dengan nilai p=0,013. Nilai median FEV1/FVC juru parkir basement (0,94; range 0,79–0,98) dan juru parkir ruang terbuka (0,92; range 0,77–0,97) dengan nilai p=0,016. Simpulan hasil penelitian menunjukkan fungsi paru yang digambarkan dengan FEV1, FVC, dan FEV1/FVC pada juru parkir basement lebih baik daripada juru parkir ruang terbuka.

 

THE COMPARISON OF LUNG FUNCTION BETWEEN BASEMENT PARKING AND STREET PARKING ATTENDANTS IN BANDUNG CITY

Air pollutions responsible for 3.1 milion death in the world every years. The bad effect from it according to research in three different places of Beijing (1986) reveal that enhancement 1 microgram/m3 of air pollution concentration can cause reduction forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) about 35.6mL. Population with high risk to have respiratory disorder as consequence exposed to vehicle’s smoke that can inhaled anytime and long-term, one of which is parking attendants. This research is therefore conducted to obtain comparison of lung function between basement parking attendants and street parking attendants in Bandung city period January–June 2014. This research design is quantitative analysis with cross sectional method towards each 33 subjects that worked as basement parking attendants and street parking attendants. The demography characteristic such as age (years old) and BMI (kg/m2). Further performed test of lung function with parameters: FEV1, forced vital capacity (FVC), and FEV1/FVC by spirometer, furthermore compared between the two groups of parking attendants. The research result showed that FEV1 median score of basement parking attendants (3,300 mL, range 2,600–4,400 mL) and street parking attendants (3,000 mL, range 2,300–3,800 mL) with p=0.011. The FVC average score of basement parking attendants (3,587.88 ± 470.21 mL) and street parking attendants (3,287.88 ± 478.77 mL) with p=0.013. The FEV1/FVCmedian score of basement parking attendants (0.94; range 0.79–0.98) and street parking attendants (0.92; range 0.77–0.97) with p=0.016. In conclusion lung function described by FEV1, FVC, and FEV1/FVC in basement parking attendants are better than street parking attendants, with all score are significant.


Keywords


Basement parking attendant; fungsi paru; juru parkir basement; juru parkir ruang terbuka; lung function; street parking attendants



DOI: https://doi.org/10.29313/gmhc.v2i2.1533

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