Deteksi Dini Penyakit Parkinson: Pengetahuan, Sikap, dan Perilaku Petani Desa Tanjung Wangi Cicalengka Mengenai Bahaya Pestisida bagi Kesehatan

Arief Budi Yulianti, Siska Nia Irasanti, Meta Maulida, Mia Kusmiati, Adhika Putra Rahmatullah

Abstract


Pestisida bersifat toksik bagi manusia dan lingkungan sekitarnya. Petani adalah kelompok masyarakat berisiko tinggi terpapar pestisida. Tingkat pengetahuan, sikap, dan perilaku petani mengenai bahaya pestisida sangat diperlukan agar keputusan untuk menggunakan pestisida sesuai dengan jenis, waktu, dan cara menjadi tepat. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan selama bulan Maret–Juli 2015 dan merupakan penelitian observasional dengan subjek penelitian petani Desa Tanjung Wangi. Subjek penelitian diambil secara acak diperoleh 62 subjek penelitian yang terdiri atas 47 laki-laki dan 15 perempuan. Tingkat pengetahuan, sikap, dan perilaku diukur dengan kuesioner yang sudah divalidasi. Pengukuran gejala dini Parkinson menggunakan kuesioner PDQ39 yang sudah dimodifikasi. Diperoleh tingkat pengetahun dan sikap petani mengenai bahaya pestisida skor terendah 0,70 dan tertinggi 0,97 dengan nilai median 0,80 dan modus 0,79. Perilaku pestisida ini mengenai tata cara penggunaan pestisida skor terendah 0,64, tertinggi 1 dengan modus 0,84. Gejala dini Parkinson pada petani di Desa Tanjung Wangi skor tertendah 0,74 dan tertinggi 1 dengan nilai median 0,84 dan modus 0,91. Simpulan, pengetahuan, sikap, dan perilaku petani Desa Tanjung Wangi mengenai bahaya pestisida baik. Hasil yang diperoleh dari kuesioner tidak menggambarkan kondisi petani di lapangan. Hal ini dapat terjadi karena peneliti tidak memasukkan unsur ekonomi sebagai salah satu faktor penentu pengambilan keputusan menggunakan pestisida sehingga diperlukan upaya edukasi petani.

 

DETECTION-EARLY OF PARKINSON'S DISEASE: KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDES, AND BEHAVIOR FARMER IN DESA TANJUNG WANGI ABOUT PESTICIDES TOXICITIES TOWARD HEALTH

Pesticides are toxic for human and environment. Farmers are people at high risk of exposure to pesticides. The level of knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of farmers about pesticides toxicity needed, so the decision to use pesticides be expected right. This research held on March–July 2015, observational method with subjects farmers in Desa Tanjung Wangi were taken randomly. Number of samples were 62 person consisted of 47 men and 15 women. The level of knowledge, attitudes, behaviors and detectionearly of Parkinson’s disease were measured with a questionnaire PDQ39 modified. The lowest score of level knowledge and attitudes about pesticides toxicities was 0.70 and the highest was 0.97 with median and modus 0.80 and 0.79, respectively. The lowest score of behavior regarding the method of pesticides used was 0.64 and the highest was 1 with modus 0.84. The lowest score of detection-early of Parkinson’s disease was 0.74 and the highest was 1 with median and modus 0.84 and 0.91, respectively. In conclusions, farmers knowledge, attitudes and behavior regarding pesticides toxicities are good. But the questionnaire wasn’t describe the really condition in field, especially in economic issues that affecting decisions about pesticides to be used, so educating to understand about pesticides toxicities needs to be done.


Keywords


Farmers; health; kesehatan; Parkinson; pesticide; pestisida; petani; risiko paparan; risk exposure

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.29313/gmhc.v4i1.1730

pISSN 2301-9123 | eISSN 2460-5441


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