The Role of Leaders in Building Islamic Work Ethos

Muhardi Muhardi


The background of this research is the well-practiced Islamic working ethos in Bandung Islamic University as an Islam-based education institution. This finding drives strong motivation to acknowledge the subject behind the implementation success. Because of that, the primary goals of this research are to analyze employees’ working ethos in the Islam-based education institution, and the role of middle-line and first-line leaders to form the employees’ working ethos. This research utilized a case study method with a descriptive approach, where the employees of Bandung Islamic University’s Post-Graduate Program as respondents. Primary data collected through interview, meanwhile secondary data was gathered from administration documents. The result reveals that the employees working ethos is on a decent level, by the involvement of Ruhul Islam existence. There is a significant role of middle-line and first-line leaders in building the employees’ working ethos, which are respectively dominated by legitimate power, and referent power utilization.


Islamic working ethos, leaders, Ruhul Islam.

Full Text:



Aziz, Amin. (2008). “The Power of Al-Fatihah”, Jakarta Selatan: Pinbuk Press and Jakarta Selatan: MAA Institute.

Badriyah, Nurul and Noermijati (2015). Social Competence, Human Capital and Entrepreneurial Success (A Study on the Owner of Fish Trading Business), Asia-Pacific Management and Business Application, Vol. 3, No. 3, pp. 182-196.

Baldwin, Timothy T., Bommer, William H. and Rubin, Robert S. (2013). “Managing Organizational Behavior, What Great Managers Know & Do”, Second Edition, New York: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Daft, Richard L. (2012). “New Era of Management”, Tenth Edition, United States: South-Western, Cengage Learning.

Dewi, Yuliana and Rachmawati, Riani (2014). Leadership Development Experiences or Women Leaders in State-Owned Enterprises in Indonesia, The South East Asian Journal of Management, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 167-181.

Diefenbach, Thomas (2015). Inclusiveness and Exclusiveness of Japanese-Style Management Abroad – Some Evidence from Southeast Asia, The South East Asian Journal of Management, Vol. 9 No. 1, pp. 52-69.

Elgelal, Kamel Saleh Khalifa and Noermijati (2014). The Influences of Transformational Leaderships on Employees Performance (A Study of the Economics and Business Faculty Employee at University of Muhammadiyah Malang), Asia-Pacific Management and Business Application, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 48-66.

Hasan, Muhammad Tholchah (2005). “Dinamika Kehidupan Religius”, Ed: Moh. Irfan dan Mastuki, Jakarta Utara: PT. Listafariska Putra.

Lauselang, H., Tang H.M., Hamdat S., and Demmalino E. (2016). Study on Economic Actors Work Ethos Salafi in Ambon (an Anthropological Study), International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Vol. 6, No. 4, April 2016. Retrieved from ( research-paper-0416/ijsrp-p52107.pdf). Accessed on February 6 2017, west Indonesian time.

McShane, Steven L., and Von Glinow, Mary Ann (2015). “Organizational Behavior Emerging Knowledge, Global Reality”, Seventh Edition, United States: McGraw-Hill Education.

Mihrez, Abdo-Alaziz H.E. and Armanu (2014). The Importance of Leadership Behavior and Motivation in Creating Employee Performance: (A Study at the University of Brawijaya), Asia-Pacific Management and Business Application, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 86-105.

Newstrom, John W. (2015). “Organizational Behavior: Human Behavior at Work”, Fourteenth Edition, New York: McGraw-Hill Education.

Nida, Fatma Laili Khoirun (2013). Peran Kecerdasan Spiritual dalam Pencapaian Kebermaknaan Hidup, Konseling Religi: Jurnal Bimbingan Konseling Islam, Vol. 4 No. 1, pp. 185-200.

Possumah, B. T., Ismail, A. G., & Shahimi, S. (2013). Bringing Work Back in Islamic Ethics, Journal of Business Ethics, Vol. 112, No. 2, pp. 257-270. (doi: 10.1007/s10551-012-1246-1). Accessed on 5 September 2016, 09:52 west Indonesian time.

Putri, Mentari Adriaeni and Gustomo, Aurik (2012). Analysis the Effect of Emotional Intelligence on Performance Through Leadership Style and Organizational Culture as A Moderator, Indonesian Journal for the Science of Management, Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 250-268.

Robbins, Stephen P. and Judge, Timothy A. (2015). “Organizational Behavior”, Sixteenth Edition, United Kingdom: Pearson Education Limited.

Schermerhorn, John R. and Bachrach, Daniel G. (2015). “Introduction to Management”, Thirteen Edition, International Student Version, Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd.

Sumual, Tineke E.M. (2015). Pengaruh Kompetensi Kepemimpinan, Budaya Organisasi terhadap Kinerja Pegawai di Universias Negeri Manado, Mimbar Jurnal Sosial dan Pembangunan, Vol. 31, No. 1, pp. 71-80.

Tasmara, Toto (2004). “Membudayakan Etos Kerja Islami”, Jakarta: Gema Insani.

Yuningsih, Ani, and Mulyana, Dadan (2017). Communication Pattern and Skill of Leaders in Private University Management, Mimbar Jurnal Sosial dan Pembangunan, Vol. 33, No. 1, pp. 166-173.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

MIMBAR : Jurnal Sosial dan Pembangunan is licensed under  Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License