Hubungan Stadium Hipertensi dengan Derajat Perlemakan Menggunakan Indeks Hepatorenal Sonografi

Dede Marina, Harry Galuh Nugraha, Leni Santiana, Lanny Noor Diyanti

Abstract


Hipertensi merupakan prekursor perkembangan perlemakan hati nonalkoholik. Modalitas pencitraan USG paling banyak digunakan untuk menegakkan diagnosis perlemakan hati nonalkoholik. Saat ini dikembangkan teknik USG menggunakan parameter indeks hepatorenal sonografi yang dihitung dengan program software ImageJ dan digunakan untuk memprediksi derajat perlemakan hati. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui hubungan antara stadium hipertensi dan derajat perlemakan hati nonalkoholik menggunakan indeks hepatorenal sonografi. Penelitian menggunakan studi observasional analitik dengan rancangan cross sectional, pengambilan sampel dilakukan secara consecutive admission. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Bagian Radiologi RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung periode Juni–Agustus 2016. Subjek penelitian 50 orang, laki-laki 22 orang, perempuan 28 orang, usia termuda 25 tahun, dan tertua 77 tahun. Hasil penelitian melalui uji statistik chi-square menunjukkan derajat perlemakan hati nonalkoholik ringan lebih banyak pada prehipertensi (9 dari 16), derajat sedang pada hipertensi stadium I (10 dari 19), dan derajat berat pada hipertensi stadium II (8 dari 15) dengan p<0,001. Perlemakan hati nonalkoholik derajat sedang dan berat lebih sering ditemukan pada perempuan dengan hipertensi (p=0,005) Simpulan, terdapat hubungan antara stadium hipertensi dan derajat perlemakan hati nonalkoholik menggunakan indeks hepatorenal sonografi.


THE ASSOCIATION OF HYPERTENSION STAGE AND NON-ALCOHOLIC FATTY LIVER DEGREE USING HEPATORENAL SONOGRAPHY INDEX

Hypertension is considered as a precursor to the development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Ultrasonography techniques have been developed using sonography hepatorenal index parameter calculated by ImageJ, that can predict the degree of NAFLD. This study aim to determine the relationship between hypertension stage and the degree of NAFLD using sonography hepatorenal index. The research is an observational using cross sectional methods, with consecutive admission sampling method. The study was performed at Dr. Hasan Sadikin Hospital Bandung from June to August 2016. A total of 50 subjects, 22 men and 28 women, with the youngest 25 and the oldest 77 years old participated. Results  indicated that the mild degree of NAFLD were higher on prehypertension (9 of 16), the moderate degree on stage I hypertension (10 of 19), while the severe degree found on stage II hypertension (8 of 15), with p<0.001. Moderate and severe degree of NAFLD in hypertensive patient is more common in women (p=0.005). In conclusion, there was a relationship between hypertension stage and the degree of NAFLD. 


Keywords


Hypertension stage; ImageJ; indeks hepatorenal sonografi; NAFLD; perlemakan hati nonalkoholik; sonography hepatorenal index; stadium hipertensi; USG

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29313/gmhc.v5i3.2175

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