Pengaruh Penerapan Aplikasi Sayang ke Buah Hati (SEHATI) terhadap Pengetahuan Ibu dan Aktivitas Fisik pada Anak Sekolah Dasar

Nurul Auliya Kamila, Hadi Susiarno, Dida Akhmad Gurnida, Irvan Afriandi, Herry Garna, Tono Djuwantono

Abstract


Abstrak
Aktivitas fisik yang tidak cukup adalah 1 dari 10 faktor risiko utama kematian di seluruh dunia karena merupakan faktor risiko utama penyakit tidak menular seperti penyakit kardiovaskular, kanker, dan diabetes melitus. Aplikasi Sayang ke Buah Hati (SEHATI) adalah media informatif yang merupakan panduan bagi ibu dalam meningkatkan pengetahuan dan panduan tentang aktivitas fisik yang benar pada anak usia sekolah dasar yang dikemas dalam bentuk animasi bergerak, warna menarik, dan sistem pengingat waktu/reminder. Dilakukan penelitian quasi experiment dengan pretest-postest with control group design untuk menganalisis pengaruh aplikasi SEHATI terhadap pengetahuan ibu dan aktivitas fisik pada anak usia sekolah dasar selama Januari 2017. Subjek penelitian ibu yang memiliki anak usia sekolah dasar berusia 8−12 tahun di SDIT Uchuwwatul Islam Kota Bandung sebanyak 60 orang yang terbagi dalam 2 kelompok, yaitu kelompok intervensi menggunakan aplikasi SEHATI dan kelompok kontrol tidak diterapkan. Pengambilan sampel berdasar atas teknik proportionate stratified random sampling. Pengujian statistik menggunakan uji chi-square dengan kemaknaan p<0,05. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan tidak terdapat perbedaan karakteristik responden pada kedua kelompok meliputi usia, pendidikan, pekerjaan, dan paritas. Karakteristik ibu pada kelompok intervensi dan kontrol didominasi oleh usia 30−39 tahun, berpendidikan menengah (SMA, SMP), tidak bekerja, dan paritas multipara. Persentase peningkatan skor pengetahuan pada kelompok intervensi lebih baik daripada kelompok kontrol (25% vs 19%; p=0,001). Skor aktivitas fisik anak peningkatannya lebih baik pada kelompok intervensi (78% vs 61%; p=0,602). Simpulan, aplikasi SEHATI berpengaruh dalam meningkatkan pengetahuan ibu dan aktivitas fisik anak usia sekolah dasar.

Abstract
The lack of physical activity is one of the 10 major risk factors of death in the world, it is major risk factors for non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, cancer, and diabetes mellitus. Affectionate to Baby (SEHATI) application is informative media which is a guide for mothers in improving the knowledge and guidance on the correct physical activity in children of primary school age are packaged in the form of moving animations, exciting colors, and the system time reminder. A quasi experiment with pretest-posttest control group design was conducted to analyze the effect of the SEHATI application toward knowledge mother and physical activity in school age children during January 2017. The subjects of this research were 60 mothers who have primary school age children as well as those aged 8−12 years in SDIT Uchuwwatul Islam Bandung. The respondent were divided into two groups the intervention group and the control group. The sampling based on proportionate stratified random sampling. The statistical test using chi square test with the significance of test results is determined by the value of p<0.05. The results showed there were no differences in the characteristics of respondents in both groups, including age, education, occupation, and parity. Characteristics of mothers in the intervention and the control group was dominated by the age of 30−39, secondary education (high school, junior high school), not working, and parity multiparous. The percentage increase of knowledge score in the intervention group was better than the control group 25% vs 19%, p=0.001. Percentage increase of the children's physical activity score in the intervention group was better than the control group 78% vs 61%, p=0.602. Conclusion, SEHATI application is influential in increasing the knowledge of the mother and the physical activity of children of primary school age.


Keywords


Affectionate to baby application; aktivitas fisik, anak sekolah dasar, aplikasi sayang ke buah hati; knowledge; physical activity; pengetahuan; primary school children; SEHATI

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