Hubungan Tingkat Pendidikan dan Pengetahuan Ibu tentang Diare dengan Frekuensi Kejadian Diare Balita di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Tamansari Bandung Oktober 2013–Maret 2014

Hoirunisa Fathia, Maya Tejasari, Siti Annisa Devi Trusda

Abstract


Penyakit diare di Indonesia semakin meningkat yang dapat menyebabkan kematian terutama balita. Salah satu faktor yang memengaruhi frekuensi kejadian diare adalah pengetahuan, sikap, dan perilaku orangtua tentang diare. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan tingkat pendidikan dan pengetahuan ibu tentang diare dengan frekuensi kejadian diare balita di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Tamansari Kota Bandung. Penelitian ini bersifat observasional analitik dengan rancangan desain potong lintang (cross sectional) periode April–Juni 2014. Subjek penelitian ini adalah ibu yang memiliki balita di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Tamansari. Jumlah sampel penelitian sebanyak 97 orang. Data yang dikumpulkan berupa data primer menggunakan kuesioner yang sudah divalidasi. Pengolahan data menggunakan SPSS versi 21 dan analisis statistik menggunakan uji chi-kuadrat. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa responden berpendidikan tinggi memiliki balita yang sebagian besar tidak pernah diare dan analisis statistik menunjukkan hubungan bermakna antara tingkat pendidikan dan frekuensi kejadian diare balita (p=0,001). Responden dengan pengetahuan baik sebanyak 21 dari 36 subjek memiliki balita tidak pernah diare dan analisis statistik menunjukkan hubungan bermakna antara tingkat pengetahuan ibu dan frekuensi kejadian diare balita (p=0,007). Simpulan, terdapat hubungan tingkat pendidikan ibu dan pengetahuan ibu tentang diare dengan frekuensi kejadian diare balita di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Tamansari.

 

THE RELATIONSHIP LEVELS OF EDUCATION AND MOTHER'S KNOWLEDGE ABOUT THE FREQUENCY OF OCCURENCE OF DIARRHEA IN INFANTS OF TAMANSARI BANDUNG IN OCTOBER 2013–MARCH 2014

Diarrhea disease in Indonesia is increasing, can cause death, especially in infants. One of the factors that affect the frequency of occurrence of diarrhea is knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of parents of diarrhea. This study aims was to determine the relationship between levels of education and mother's level of knowledge about the frequency of occurrence of diarrhea in infants Puskesmas of Tamansari Bandung. This study was an observational analytic cross-sectional design in period April–June 2014. The subjects were mothers who had children in the Puskesmas of Tamansari. The number of samples were 97 people. The data collected for this study in the form of primary data using questionnaires that have been validated. Processing data using SPSS version 21 and statistical analysis using chi-square test. The results indicated that respondents with higher education category had largely toddler never had diarrhea. The results of statistical analysis showed that there was a significant relationship between the level of education and the frequency of occurrence of diarrhea infants (p=0.001). Respondents with good knowledge most had diarrhea toddler never amounted 21 of 36 subjects and the results of statistical analysis showed that there was a significant relationship between the level of knowledge of mothers with children under five diarrhea occurrence frequency (p=0.007). In conclusion, there is a relationship between the level of maternal education and the mother's level of knowledge about the frequency of occurrence of diarrhea in infants Puskesmas of Tamansari.


Keywords


Diare; diarrhea; education; frekuensi diare; knowledge; pendidikan; pengetahuan; the frequency of diarrhea



DOI: https://doi.org/10.29313/gmhc.v3i1.1542


pISSN 2301-9123 | eISSN 2460-5441

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