Penerapan Aplikasi Sayang ke Buah Hati (SEHATI) terhadap Pengetahuan Ibu serta Dampak pada Keterampilan Anak tentang Cara Menyikat Gigi

Safitri Safitri, Heda Melinda, Bambang S. Noegroho, Farid Husein, Dewi Marhaeni, Julistio T.B. Djais

Abstract


Penyakit gigi dan mulut memiliki tingkat prevalensi tertinggi pada anak usia sekolah di Indonesia. Keterampilan cara menyikat gigi yang baik dan benar merupakan faktor yang cukup penting untuk pemeliharaan kesehatan gigi dan mulut. Ibu berperan penting dalam mengajarkan cara menyikat gigi pada anak. Aplikasi Sayang ke Buah Hati (SEHATI) diharapkan dapat membantu ibu dalam menerapkan cara menyikat gigi yang benar kepada anak-anaknya. Tujuan penelitian ini menganalisis pengaruh penerapan aplikasi SEHATI terhadap pengetahuan ibu dan menganalisis hubungan antara pengetahuan ibu dan keterampilan anak tentang cara menyikat gigi. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan quasi-experiment yang berbentuk one-group pretest-posttest design. Subjek penelitian ini adalah seluruh ibu dan anak SD Uchuwwatul Islam di Kota Bandung berjumlah 33 ibu dan 33 anak yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi dan tidak termasuk kriteria eksklusi. Pengetahuan ibu sebelum dan setelah penerapan aplikasi SEHATI diukur menggunakan kuesioner dan keterampilan anak diukur menggunakan ceklis. Penelitian dilakukan selama 2 minggu terhitung tanggal 22 Februari–7 Maret 2017. Analisis data menggunakan uji Wilcoxon dan uji Spearman ro. Hasil penelitian terdapat pengaruh penerapan aplikasi SEHATI berbasis android pada ibu terhadap pengetahuan (p<0,001) dan terdapat hubungan antara pengetahuan ibu dan keterampilan anak tentang cara menyikat gigi (p<0,001). Simpulan, terdapat peningkatan pengetahuan ibu dan keterampilan anak tentang cara menyikat gigi sebelum dengan sesudah penggunaan aplikasi SEHATI.

 

SAYANG KE BUAH HATI (SEHATI) APPLICATION USAGE ON MOTHER’S KNOWLEDGE AND IMPACT TO THE CHILDREN’S SKILL ABOUT BRUSHING TEETH

Dental and oral diseases have a high prevalence in children at school age in Indonesia. The skill of appropriately and correctly brushing teeth becomes a somewhat important factor for maintaining dental and oral health. Mothers have an important role in teaching children how to brush teeth. Sayang ke Buah Hati (SEHATI) application is expected to help mothers apply the correct way of brushing teeth to their children. The research aimed at analyzing the effect of the use of SEHATI application on mother’s knowledge and the correlation between mother’s knowledge and children’s skill about how to brush teeth. The quasi-experimental design used was one-group pretest-posttest design. Subjects were all mothers and children at Uchwwatul Islam Elementary School in Bandung, consist of 33 mothers and 33 children. Mothers’ knowledge before and after the use of SEHATI application was measured using questionnaire, while children’s skill was measured using a checklist. The study was conducted for 2 weeks from 22 February–7 March 2017. The data were analyzed using Wilcoxon test and Spearman rho test. Results of this research show that there was an effect of SEHATI application android-based on mother’s knowledge (p<0.001) and there was a correlation between mother’s knowledge and children’s skill about how to brush teeth (p<0.001). In conclusion, there are differences of mothers’ knowledge and the children’s skill about how to brush teeth before and after SEHATI application usage.


Keywords


Aplikasi SEHATI; brushing teeth; cara menyikat gigi; keterampilan; knowledge; pengetahuan; SEHATI application; skill

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.29313/gmhc.v6i1.2757

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