Reproductive Health Problems in Adolescents in Banten Province

Ismiyati Ismiyati, Udin Sabarudin, Tuti Wahmurti A. Sapiie, Farid Husin, Susi Susanah, Deni Kurniadi Sunjaya

Abstract


Teenagers are the next generation that needs to be the center of attention. Physical and mental development in adolescents occurs rapidly. The process of changing times with free association arises causing debate about their reproductive health. The purpose of this study was to determine the reproductive health problems of adolescents in Banten province. This study used a qualitative design and constructivism paradigm. The research method was using the in-depth interview guideline instrument with 11 informants conducted in Banten province in January−June 2017. Qualitative data analysis using content analysis. The results showed that environmental factors such as family, relationships, health workers, and the availability of prostitution practice were trigger teenagers' problems. The environment did not support them to learn about sexuality makes them seek information from sources that cannot be justified. This practice made adolescents have inappropriate knowledge about adolescent reproductive health. The availability of prostitution practice was a unique highlight for those who can channel their curiosity in fulfilling their sexual desires. In conclusions, adolescent reproductive health problems in Banten province consisted of premarital sex behavior, teenage pregnancy, teenage marriage, youth delivery, sexually transmitted diseases, and abnormal sexual behavior. These problems arise due to factors of knowledge, environment, and family economic status.

 

PERMASALAHAN KESEHATAN REPRODUKSI PADA REMAJA DI PROVINSI BANTEN

Remaja merupakan generasi penerus yang perlu menjadi pusat perhatian. Perkembangan fisik dan mental pada remaja terjadi secara pesat. Proses perubahan zaman dengan pergaulan bebas memicu timbulnya permasalahan kesehatan reproduksi pada mereka. Tujuan penelitian ini mengetahui permasalahan kesehatan reproduksi remaja di Provinsi Banten. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain kualitatif dan paradigma konstruktivisme. Metode penelitian menggunakan instrumen wawancara mendalam kepada 11 informan yang dilakukan di Provinsi Banten pada bulan Januari–Juni 2017. Analisis data kualitatif menggunakan analisis konten. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa faktor lingkungan seperti keluarga, pergaulan, tenaga kesehatan, dan ketersediaan tempat prostitusi memicu permasalahan remaja. Lingkungan yang tidak mendukung mereka untuk belajar tentang seksualitas membuat mereka mencari informasi dari sumber yang tidak dapat dipertanggungjawabkan kebenarannya. Hal tersebut membuat remaja memiliki pengetahuan yang tidak tepat tentang kesehatan reproduksi remaja. Ketersediaan tempat-tempat prostitusi menjadi sorotan khusus bagi mereka yang dapat menyalurkan keingintahuan mereka dalam memenuhi hasrat seksualitas. Simpulan, permasalahan kesehatan reproduksi remaja di Provinsi Banten terdiri atas perilaku seks pranikah, kehamilan remaja, pernikahan remaja, persalinan remaja, penyakit seksual, dan perilaku seks menyimpang. Permasalahan tersebut muncul karena faktor lingkungan, pengetahuan, dan ekonomi keluarga.


Keywords


Adolescent; kesehatan reproduksi; remaja; reproductive health; seksualitas; sexuality

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.29313/gmhc.v7i1.3060


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