Effect of Labor Camera on the Duration of the Second Stage Labor in Primipara

Yetti Purnama, Kurnia Dewiani, Linda Yusanti


Fear and anxiety due to severe labor pains could also lead to prolonged labor. The efforts made to accelerate the second stage labor process are by providing emotional support with the support of a labor camera. The mother is allowed to observe the development state of her baby's head through video on a tablet or laptop screen. Furthermore, the mother's emotional level becomes more provoked and motivated to strain the labor process faster. This study aims to determine the effect of the labor cameras on the second state duration in primiparous. The design of this study was a posttest-only control group design experiment with a total sample of 30 primiparous of the second stage at independent midwife practice in Bengkulu city in November–December 2020. Each group consisted of 15 for treatment (with labor cameras) and 15 for control (without labor cameras)—the assessment of the labor duration by counting the labor time in seconds during the second state. The statistical results using the t test and chi-square test analysis showed that the intervention group's labor duration (1,393.3 seconds) was shorter than the control group's (2,340.6 seconds). The mean difference in the delivery time was 947.3 seconds or 15.7 minutes faster in the intervention group than in the control group. In conclusion, using a labor camera on the labor duration of the second stage in primiparous mothers is an effect of using a labor camera.



Rasa takut dan cemas akibat nyeri persalinan yang berat juga dapat menyebabkan partus lama. Salah satu upaya yang dilakukan untuk mempercepat proses kala II persalinan adalah memberikan dukungan emosional dengan bantuan kamera persalinan. Ibu diberi kesempatan untuk melihat perkembangan pengeluaran kepala bayinya melalui video pada layar tablet atau laptop sehingga tingkat emosional ibu menjadi lebih terbangun dan termotivasi untuk mempercepat proses persalinan. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui pengaruh kamera persalinan terhadap durasi persalinan kala II pada primipara. Desain penelitian adalah eksperimen posttest-only control group design dengan jumlah sampel 30 primipara kala II di bidan praktik mandiri Kota Bengkulu pada November–Desember 2020. Tiap-tiap kelompok berjumlah 15 untuk kelompok perlakuan (menggunakan kamera persalinan) dan 15 untuk kontrol (tidak menggunakan kamera persalinan). Penilaian durasi persalinan dengan menghitung detik selama kala II berlangsung. Pengujian statistik menggunakan analisis uji t dan uji chi-square menunjukkan bahwa durasi persalinan kelompok perlakuan (1.393,3 detik) lebih singkat daripada kelompok kontrol (2.340,6 detik). Selisih perbedaan waktu persalinan rerata selama 947,3 detik atau 15,7 menit lebih cepat pada kelompok intervensi dibanding dengan kelompok kontrol. Simpulan, terdapat pengaruh penggunaan kamera persalinan terhadap durasi persalinan kala II pada ibu primipara.


Kamera persalinan; labor camera; labor duration; lama persalinan; primipara

Full Text:



Lowdermilk DL, Perry SE, Chasion MC. Keperawatan maternitas. 8th Edition. St. Louis: Mosby; 2013.

Lockhart A, Saputra L. Asuhan kebidanan masa persalinan fisiologis dan patologis. Tangerang Selatan: Binarupa Aksara; 2014.

Nystedt A, Hildingsson I. Diverse definitions of prolonged labour and its consequences with sometimes subsequent inappropriate treatment. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2014;14:233.

Murray ML, Huelsmann GM, Ananda W. Persalinan & melahirkan: praktik berbasis bukti. Jakarta: EGC; 2013.

Gizzo S, Di Gangi S, Noventa M, Bacile V, Zambon A, Nardelli GB. Women’s choice of positions during labour: return to the past or a modern way to give birth? A cohort study in Italy. Biomed Res Int. 2014;2014:638093.

Sydsjö G, Angerbjörn L, Palmquist S, Bladh M, Sydsjö A, Josefsson A. Secondary fear of childbirth prolongs the time to subsequent delivery. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2013;92(2):210–4.

Lawrence A, Lewis L, Hofmery GJ, Style C. Maternal positions and mobility during first stage labour. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013;(10):CD003934.

Suzuki S. Clinical significance of precipitous labor. J Clin Med Res. 2015;7(3):150–3.

Doyle J, Lyzen A, McCarrol M, Frantz K, Kenny T, Gruenigen V. Maximizing maternal birth experience through the use of labor mirror. J Preg Child Health. 2016;3(1):218.

Ali Andre J. Sistem security webcam dengan menggunakan Microsoft Visual Basic (6.0). Rabit. 2016;1(2):48–60.

Purnama Y, Dewiani K, Yusanti L. Cermin persalinan dalam mempercepat proses kala II persalinan [Internet]. Yogyakarta: Universitas Alma Ata Yogyakarta; 2019 July [cited 2021 January 19]. Available from: https://fikes.almaata.ac.id/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/Yetti-Purnama.fix_.pdf.

Ahmed S, Khan A, Babar I. Monitoring detection and security maintenance using WMS-webcam mobile surveillance. In: Anwar M, Owais SM, Suhail A, Alvi QH, Hussain MY, Hussain MY, editors. Proceedings Third International Conference on Emerging Technologies 2007 (ICET 2007); 2007 November 12–13; Islamabad, Pakistan. Piscataway, New Jersey, USA: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers; 2007 [cited 2021 January 19]. p. 58–61. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICET.2007.4516316.

Robinson D. Practical systems for live streaming. In: Pathan M, Sitaraman RK, Robinson D, editors. Advanced content delivery, streaming, and cloud services. Hoboken, New Jersey, USA: Wiley-IEEE Press; 2014. p. 51–70.

Shagholi A, Charmi M, Rakhshan H. The effect of the distance from the webcam in heart rate estimation from face video images. In: 2015 2nd International Conference on Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis (IPRIA 2015); 2015 March 11–12; Rasht, Iran. Piscataway, New Jersey, USA: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers; 2015 [cited 2021 January 19]. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1109/PRIA.2015.7161622.

Ebrahimzadeh S, Golmakani N, Kabirian M, Shakeri MT. Study of correlation between maternal fatigue and uterine contraction pattern in the active phase of labour. J Clin Nurs. 2012;21(11–12):1563–9.

Charles C. Labour and normal birth. In: Chapman V, Charles C, editors. The midwife's labour and birth handbook. 4th Edition. Hoboken, New Jersey, USA: John Wiley & Sons; 2018. p. 1–48.

Chapman V. Slow progress in labour. In: Chapman V, Charles C, editors. The midwife's labour and birth handbook. 4th Edition. Hoboken, New Jersey, USA: John Wiley & Sons; 2018. p. 171–88.

Becerra-Maya EJ, Lapuente­Jambrina G, Alonso­Ortega VM. Use of the mirror in second stage of labor: evaluation by means of semantic differential. Index Enferm. 2011;20(1–2):46–50.

Palompon D, Bono DM, Pastrano M, Ladonga PM, Ramirez A, Laureano H, et al. Visual biofeedback: adjunct mirror intervention during stage two labor among primiparous women. Asian J Health. 2011;1(1):204–16.

Novianti A, Rokhamah. Kajian metode persalinan normal dengan bantuan cermin pada persalinan kala II ibu primigravida di Rumah Sakit Paru Batu. Biomed Sci. 2015;3(2):39–46.

Fitriani, Mose JC, Herman H. Difference duration of labor at BC-MK15 birth chair with conventional bed in multiparous. GMHC. 2018;6(2):105–12.

Sheng Q, Liu T, Hou W, Wang G. The research on touch gestures interaction design for personal portable computer. In: Zu Q, Hu B, editors. Human centered computing: Third International Conference, HCC 2017, Kazan, Russia, August 7–9, 2017. Revised Selected Papers. Basel, Switzerland: Springer International Publishing; 2018. p. 527–37.

Zhang Q, Xu GQ, Wang M, Zhou Y, Feng W. Webcam based non-contact real-time monitoring for the physiological parameters of drivers. In: 4th Annual IEEE International Conference on Cyber Technology in Automation, Control and Intelligent Systems (IEEE-CYBER 2014); 2014 June 4–7; Hong Kong, China. Piscataway, New Jersey, USA: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers; 2014 [cited 2021 January 19]. p. 648–52. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1109/CYBER.2014.6917541.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29313/gmhc.v9i2.6993

pISSN 2301-9123 | eISSN 2460-5441

Visitor since 19 October 2016: 

View My Stats

Free counters!

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.