Identification of Health Knowledge of Lung Function in Predicting Respiratory Disorders in Smokers

Amelia Lorensia, Rivan Virlando Suryadinata, Lalita Tirsa

Abstract


Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a high risk for active smokers. Early assessment of the condition of lung function is needed to prevent a decrease in lung function. Knowledge of self-management that determines lung health. The purpose of this study was to determine the knowledge of lung function health in predicting respiratory disorders. The study design was a case-control from August 2018 to January 2019. Data was collected through a questionnaire, namely a lung health knowledge questionnaire consisting of categories: risk factors, symptoms, and therapy for respiratory disorders. The research sample was adult men who work in the transportation sector in Surabaya city using purposive sampling. Data analysis using chi-square. The data obtained were 300 people, consisting of 126 people without lung function disorders and 174 people with pulmonary function disorders. The risk factor knowledge category showed a significant difference (p=0.000) between the group, with the most disorders at the low knowledge level (42.0%). The symptom knowledge category showed a significant difference (p=0.000) between groups, and most of the groups with disorders were at a low knowledge level (55.8%). The category of knowledge of respiratory symptoms showed a significant difference (p=0.000) between groups, with the knowledge level in both of them mostly at a sufficient level. Therefore, low lung function health knowledge reflects low lung function conditions.

 

IDENTIFIKASI PENGETAHUAN KESEHATAN FUNGSI PARU DALAM MEMPREDIKSI GANGGUAN PERNAPASAN PADA PEROKOK

Penyakit paru obstruktif kronik (PPOK) berisiko tinggi dialami oleh perokok aktif. Pengkajian dini terhadap kondisi fungsi paru diperlukan untuk mencegah penurunan fungsi paru. Pengetahuan tentang manajemen diri yang menentukan kesehatan paru. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui pengetahuan kesehatan fungsi paru dalam memprediksi gangguan pernapasan. Desain penelitian adalah case-control dari Agustus 2018 hingga Januari 2019. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui kuesioner, yaitu kuesioner pengetahuan kesehatan paru yang terdiri atas kategori: faktor risiko, gejala, dan terapi gangguan pernapasan. Sampel penelitian adalah laki-laki dewasa yang bekerja di sektor transportasi di Kota Surabaya dengan menggunakan purposive sampling. Analisis data menggunakan chi-square. Data yang diperoleh sebanyak 300 orang, terdiri atas 126 orang tanpa gangguan fungsi paru dan 174 orang dengan gangguan fungsi paru. Kategori pengetahuan faktor risiko menunjukkan perbedaan yang bermakna (p=0,000) antarkelompok dengan gangguan terbanyak pada pengetahuan tingkat rendah (42,0%). Kategori pengetahuan gejala menunjukkan perbedaan yang bermakna (p=0,000) antarkelompok dan sebagian besar kelompok dengan gangguan berada pada pengetahuan tingkat rendah (55,8%). Kategori pengetahuan gejala pernapasan menunjukkan perbedaan yang bermakna (p=0,000) antarkelompok dengan tingkat pengetahuan keduanya sebagian besar pada tingkat cukup. Oleh karena itu, pengetahuan kesehatan fungsi paru yang rendah mencerminkan kondisi fungsi paru yang rendah.


Keywords


Fungsi paru; knowledge; lung function; pengetahuan; perokok; smoker

Full Text:

PDF

References


Lo Mauro A, Aliverti A. Physiology of respiratory disturbances in muscular dystrophies. Breathe (Sheff). 2016;12(4):318–27.

Damianaki A, Vagiakis E, Sigala I, Pataka A, Rovina N, Vlachou A, et al. Τhe co-existence of obstructive sleep apnea and bronchial asthma: revelation of a new asthma phenotype? J Clin Med. 2019;8(9):1476.

Quaderi SA, Hurst JR. The unmet global burden of COPD. Glob Health Epidemiol Genom. 2018;3:e4.

Kementerian Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional/Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional. Kajian sektor kesehatan: transisi demografi dan epidemiologi: permintaan pelayanan kesehatan di Indonesia [Internet]. Jakarta: Kementerian Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional/Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional; 2019 [cited 2021 January 20]. Available from: https://www.bappenas.go.id/files/8515/9339/1872/FA_Preview_HSR_Book01.pdf.

Muro S. Cigarette smoking is the most important causal factor for developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Nihon Rinsho. 2011;69(10):1735–40.

Lee SJ, Kim SW, Kong KA, Ryu YJ, Lee JH, Chang JH. Risk factors for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among never-smokers in Korea. Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis. 2015;10:497–506.

Bird Y, Staines-Orozco H. Pulmonary effects of active smoking and secondhand smoke exposure among adolescent students in Juárez, Mexico. Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis. 2016;11:1459–67.

Oemiati R. Kajian epidemiologis penyakit paru obtruktif kronis (PPOK). Media Penelit Pengemb Kes. 2013;23(2):82–8.

Daccord C, Touilloux B, Von Garnier C. Asthma and COPD management during the COVID-19 pandemic. Rev Med Suisse. 2020;16(692):933–8.

Sin DD. COVID-19 in COPD: a growing concern. EClinicalMedicine. 2020;26:100546.

Kaur G, Lungarella G, Rahman I. SARS-CoV-2 COVID-19 susceptibility and lung inflammatory storm by smoking and vaping. J Inflamm. 2020;17:21.

McAlinden KD, Eapen MS, Lu W, Chia C, Haug G, Sohal SS. COVID-19 and vaping: risk for increased susceptibility to SARS-CoV-2 infection? Eur Respir J. 2020;56(1):2001645.

Sim YS, Lee JH, Lee WY, Suh DI, Oh YM, Yoon JS, et al. Spirometry and bronchodilator test. Tuberc Respir Dis (Seoul). 2017;80(2):105–12.

Fromer L. Diagnosing and treating COPD: understanding the challenges and finding solutions. Int J Gen Med. 2011;4:729–39.

Walker SL, Saltman DL, Colucci R, Martin L, Canadian Lung Association Advisory Committee. Awareness of risk factors among persons at risk for lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and sleep apnea: a Canadian population-based study. Can Respir J. 2010;17(6):287–94.

Booth S, Johnson MJ. Improving the quality of life of people with advanced respiratory disease and severe breathlessness. Breathe (Sheff). 2019;15(3):198–215.

Gupta A, Ravaliya V, Mishra D, Dani V, Sodawala C, Shah H, et al. Assessment of knowledge, attitude, and behavior about the disease process and physiotherapy management in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a qualitative study. J Educ Health Promot. 2019;8:15.

Grady PA, Gough LL. Self-management: a comprehensive approach to management of chronic conditions. Am J Public Health. 2014;104(8):e25–31.

Schulman-Green D, Jaser S, Martin F, Alonzo A, Grey M, McCorkle R, et al. Processes of self-management in chronic illness. J Nurs Scholarsh. 2012;44(2):136–44.

Schulman-Green D, Jaser SS, Park C, Whittemore R. A metasynthesis of factors affecting self-management of chronic illness. J Adv Nurs. 2016;72(7):1469–89.

Ranu H, Wilde M, Madden B. Pulmonary function tests. Ulster Med J. 2011;80(2):84–90.

Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD). Global strategy for the diagnosis, management, and prevention of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: 2020 report [Internet]. GOLD online; 2020 [cited 2021 January 20]. Available from: https://goldcopd.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/12/GOLD-2020-FINAL-ver1.2-03Dec19_WMV.pdf.

Kim D, Chen Z, Zhou LF, Huang SX. Air pollutants and early origins of respiratory diseases. Chronic Dis Transl Med. 2018;4(2):75–94.

Shankar A, Dubey A, Saini D, Singh M, Prasad CP, Roy S, et al. Environmental and occupational determinants of lung cancer. Transl Lung Cancer Res. 2019;8(Suppl 1):S31–49.

Trofor AC, Papadakis S, Lotrean LM, Radu-Loghin C, Eremia M, Mihaltan F, et al. Knowledge of the health risks of smoking and impact of cigarette warning labels among tobacco users in six European countries: findings from the EUREST-PLUS ITC Europe surveys. Tob Induc Dis. 2018;16(Suppl 2):A10.

Dawood OT, Rashan MA, Hassali MA, Saleem F. Knowledge and perception about health risks of cigarette smoking among Iraqi smokers. J Pharm Bioallied Sci. 2016;8(2):146–51.

Dalju I, Dessie A, Bogale L, Mekonnen TH. Occupational risk factors associated with respiratory symptoms among tannery workers in Mojo town, Southeast Ethiopia, 2018: a comparative cross-sectional study. Multidiscip Respir Med. 2019;14:27.

Van Gageldonk-Lafeber AB, van der Sande MA, Heijnen ML, Peeters MF, Bartelds AI, Wilbrink B. Risk factors for acute respiratory tract infections in general practitioner patients in the Netherlands: a case-control study. BMC Infect Dis. 2007;7:35.

MacNee W, Rabinovich RA, Choudhury G. Ageing and the border between health and disease. Eur Res J. 2014;44(5):1332–52.

Putcha N, Drummond MB, Wise RA, Hansel NN. Comorbidities and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: prevalence, influence on outcomes, and management. Semin Respir Crit Care Med. 2015;36(4):575–91.

Ishii M, Yamaguchi Y, Hamaya H, Ogawa S, Imura M, Akishita M. Characteristics of factors for decreased lung function in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes. Sci Rep. 2019;9(1):20206.

Berliner D, Schneider N, Welte T, Bauersachs J. The differential diagnosis of dyspnea. Dtsch Arztebl Int. 2016;113(49):834–45.

Amos LB. Cough. In: Kliegman RM, Lye PS, Bordini BJ, Toth H, Basel D, editors. Nelson pediatric symptom-based diagnosis. 1st Edition. Philadelphia; Elsevier; 2018. p. 15–38.

Marcus BS, McAvay G, Gill TM, Vaz Fragoso CA. Respiratory symptoms, spirometric respiratory impairment, and respiratory disease in middle-aged and older persons. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2015;63(2):251–7.

Lorensia A, Yudiarso A, Arrahmah R. Evaluasi pengetahuan dan persepsi obat batuk swamedikasi oleh perokok. MKMI. 2018;4(4):395–405.

Lorensia A, Suryadinata RV, Chandra NLMR. Profil status vitamin D, aktivitas fisik dan kesehatan paru pada tukang bangunan. CoMPHI J. 2020;1(2):117–24.

Lorensia A, Yudiarso A, Pratama AM. Intrepretative phenomenological analysis: perception of health risk of smoking and smoking cessation among pharmacy students. Anima. 2016;31(4):170–9.

Nicolini A, Barbagelata E, Tagliabue E, Colombo D, Monacelli F, Braido F. Gender differences in chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases: a narrative review. Panminerva Med. 2018;60(4):192–9.

Arikunto S. Prosedur penelitian: suatu pendekatan praktik. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta; 2013.

Nuttall FQ. Body mass index: obesity, BMI, and health: a critical review. Nutr Today. 2015;50(3):117–28.

World Health Organization. Global adult tobacco survey: Indonesia report 2011. New Delhi: World Health Organization Regional Office for South-East Asia; 2012.

Jayes L, Haslam PL, Gratziou CG, Powell P, Britton J, Vardavas C, et al., Tobacco Control Committee of the European Respiratory Society. SmokeHaz: systematic reviews and meta-analyses of the effects of smoking on respiratory health. Chest. 2016;150(1):164–79.

Gogou E, Kotsiou OS, Siachpazidou DS, Pinaka M, Varsamas C, Bardaka F, et al. Underestimation of respiratory symptoms by smokers: a thorn in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease diagnosis. NPJ Prim Care Respir Med. 2021;31(1):14.

West R. Tobacco smoking: health impact, prevalence, correlates and interventions. Psychol Health. 2017;32(8):1018–36.

Jha P. The hazards of smoking and the benefits of cessation: a critical summation of the epidemiological evidence in high-income countries. eLife. 2020;9:e49979.

Tashkin DP. Smoking cessation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Semin Respir Crit Care Med. 2015;36(4):491–507.

Rompis K, Wowor VNS, Pangemanan DHC. Tingkat pengetahuan bahaya merokok bagi kesehatan gigi mulut pada siswa SMK Negeri 8 Manado. e-Clinic. 2019;7(2):98–102.

Aziizah KN, Setiawan I, Lelyana S. Hubungan tingkat pengetahuan tentang dampak rokok terhadap kesehatan rongga mulut dengan tingkat motivasi berhenti merokok pada mahasiswa Universitas Kristen Maranatha. SONDE. 2018;3(1):16–21.

Lorensia A, Suryadinata RV, Sidabutar BCM. Effect analysis of protein intake of pedicab driver in Surabaya. J Trop Pharm Chem. 2021;5(3):188–93.

Singh D, Agusti A, Anzueto A, Barnes PJ, Bourbeau J, Celli BR, et al. Global strategy for the diagnosis, management, and prevention of chronic obstructive lung disease: the GOLD science committee report 2019. Eur Respir J. 2019;53(5):1900164.

Vanker A, Gie RP, Zar HJ. The association between environmental tobacco smoke exposure and childhood respiratory disease: a review. Expert Rev Respir Med. 2017;11(8):661–73.

Talaminos Barroso A, Márquez Martín E, Roa Romero LM, Ortega Ruiz F. Factors affecting lung function: a review of the literature. Arch Bronconeumol (Engl Ed). 2018;54(6):327–32.

Brandsma CA, de Vries M, Costa R, Woldhuis RR, Königshoff M, Timens W. Lung ageing and COPD: is there a role for ageing in abnormal tissue repair? Eur Resp Rev. 2017;26(146):170073.

Landbo C, Prescott E, Lange P, Vestbo J, Almdal TP. Prognostic value of nutritional status in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1999;160(6):1856–61.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.29313/gmhc.v9i2.7673

pISSN 2301-9123 | eISSN 2460-5441


Visitor since 19 October 2016: 

View My Stats


Free counters!


This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.