Occupational Safety and Health Hazards among Smoked Fish Workers in Demak

Ekawati Ekawati, Yuliani Setyaningsih, Ida Wahyuni


Smoked fish is an essential commodity in Central Java. Smoked fish workers must always ensure the availability of smoked fish products for the community. To work continuously, workers need to maintain their safety and health. Workers are constantly exposed to potential hazards from their work. This study aimed to describe the potential occupational hazards of smoked fish workers and identify efforts to control these hazards. This descriptive research involved smoked fish workers cleaning, cutting, washing, and smoking fishing in Demak city, Central Java, in March 2021. The job safety analysis (JSA) method was used to describe potential hazards in every work process. The results showed that the potential risks found in the working process of smoking fish were a wet and humid work environment, sharp work equipment, non-ergonomic work postures, and a hot work climate. It can be concluded that workers are exposed to various hazards in their work and work environment. Therefore, it is necessary to increase occupational safety and health (OSH) awareness and working environment conditions in the smoked fish industry so that workers will always be safe and healthy at work.


Job safety analysis; occupational safety and health (OSH); OSH hazards; smoked fish worker, work environment

Full Text:



Prayogi R, Setyaningsih Y, Suroto. Analysis of the effect of carbonmonoxide exposure and characteristics of workers on work-related fatigue in workers of fish smoking center. Int J Educ Soc Sci Res. 2019;2(5):150–8.

Juniarti N, Hartiah H, Yani DI. Health conditions and dangers due to work for fishers in Pangandaran subdistrict, West Java. GMHC. 2019;7(3):177–83.

Soimah H, Purnaweni H, B Yulianto. Pengelolaan lingkungan di sentra pengasapan ikan Desa Wonosari Kecamatan Bonang Kabupaten Demak. In: Hadi SP, Purwanto, Sunoko HR, Purnaweni H, editors. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan 2013; 2013 August 27; Semarang, Indonesia. Semarang: Program Studi Ilmu Lingkungan, Program Pascasarjana, Universitas Diponegoro; 2013. p. 564–70.

Setyaningsih Y, Wahyuni I, Ekawati. Identification of musculoskeletal disorder complaint, dermatitis incident and respiratory disorder in smoked fish worker. E3S Web Conf. 2020;202:12003.

Thepaksorn P, Thongjerm S, Incharoen S, Siriwong W, Harada K, Koizumi A. Job safety analysis and hazard identification for work accident prevention in para rubber wood sawmills in southern Thailand. J Occup Health. 2017;59(6):542–51.

Bontrup C, Taylor WR, Fliesser M, Visscher R, Green T, Wippert PM, et al. Low back pain and its relationship with sitting behaviour among sedentary office workers. Appl Ergon. 2019;81:102894.

Park SM, Kim HJ, Jeong H, Kim H, Chang BS, Lee CK, et al. Longer sitting time and low physical activity are closely associated with chronic low back pain in population over 50 years of age: a cross-sectional study using the sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Spine J. 2018;18(11):2051–8.

Zemp R, Fliesser M, Wippert PM, Taylor WR, Lorenzetti S. Occupational sitting behaviour and its relationship with back pain – a pilot study. Appl Ergon. 2016;56:84–91.

Tarwaka. Ergonomi industri: dasar-dasar pengetahuan ergonomi dan aplikasi di tempat kerja. 2nd Edition. Surakarta: Harapan Press; 2014.

Pal A, Dhara PC. Evaluation of work-related musculoskeletal disorders and postural stress of female “jari” workers. Indian J Occup Environ Med. 2017;21(3):132–7.

Soares CO, Pereira BF, Pereira Gomes MV, Marcondes LP, de Campos Gomes F, de Melo-Neto JS. Preventive factors against work-related musculoskeletal disorders: narrative review. Rev Bras Med Trab. 2020;17(3):415–30.

Bhatia R, Sharma VK. Occupational dermatoses: an Asian perspective. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 2017;83(5):525–35.

Le F, Liu B, Si Z, Li S, Qiao J. Prevalence of dermatitis and superficial fungal infection of the hands in seafood workers: an investigation from food markets in Ningbo, China. Risk Manag Healthc Policy. 2020;13:427–31.

Behroozy A, Keegel TG. Wet-work exposure: a main risk factor for occupational hand dermatitis. Saf Health Work. 2014;5(4):175–80.

Quansah R. Harmful postures and musculoskeletal symptoms among fish trimmers of a fish processing factory in Ghana: a preliminary investigation. Int J Occup Saf Ergon. 2005;11(2):181–90.

Nag A, Vyas H, Shah P, Nag PK. Risk factors and musculoskeletal disorders among women workers performing fish processing. Am J Ind Med. 2012;55(9):833–43.

Soe KT, Laosee O, Limsatchapanich S, Rattanapan C. Prevalence and risk factors of musculoskeletal disorders among Myanmar migrant workers in Thai seafood industries. Int J Occup Saf Ergon. 2015;21(4):539–46.

Ilardi JS. Relationship between productivity, quality and musculoskeletal disorder risk among deboning workers in a Chilean salmon industry. Work. 2012;41(Suppl 1):5334–8.

Syron LN, Lucas DL, Bovbjerg VE, Kincl LD. Injury and illness among onshore workers in Alaska's seafood processing industry: analysis of workers' compensation claims, 2014–2015. Am J Ind Med. 2019;62(3):253–64.

Holness DL. Occupational dermatosis. Curr Allergy Asthma Rep. 2019;19(9):42.

Bogdanov AM. Work conditions of workers engaged into fish-processing enterprises of Far East Federal District (review of literature). Med Tr Prom Ekol. 2017;(1):47–49.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.29313/gmhc.v10i3.9556

pISSN 2301-9123 | eISSN 2460-5441

Visitor since 19 October 2016: 

View My Stats

Free counters!

Global Medical and Health Communication is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.