Potency of Integrated Cultural Tourism Development at Maninjau Lake Area, West Sumatera

Firdaus Firdaus

Abstract


The modern society with density and saturation routine activities required entertainment to refresh their exhaustion. One of the popular entertainments is travelling. The development of tourism is getting better because there are many types of tours that can be selected and enjoyed by everyone. The latest popular tourism is cultural tourism. In West Sumatera of Indonesia, Maninjau Lake is designated as natural and cultural tourism destinations. This article discusses the tourism potentials of Maninjau Lake and its development opportunities as cultural tourism destination. The article was based on the research since 2010. The researcher analyzes the data of in-depth interview, observation, and textual studies. Research findings reveal that there are three tourism potentials at Maninjau Lake such as natural tourism, historical tourism and cultural tourism. These potentials are worth developed in an integrated mode in order to develop Maninjau Lake as cultural tourism destination through participatory approach by involving arts communities in the nagari


Keywords


Cultural Tourism, Integrative Tourism Development, Sustainable Tourism

References


Abdillah, F., Damanik, J., Fandeli, C., & Sudarmadji. (2015). Perkembangan Destinasi Pariwisata dan Kualitas Hidup Masyarakat Lokal. Mimbar, 31(2), 339–350.

Altunel, M. C., & Erkut, B. (2015). Cultural Tourism in Istanbul: The Mediation Effect of Tourist Experience and Satisfaction on The Relationship Between Involvement and Recommendation Intention. Journal of Destination Marketing & Management, 4(4), 213–221. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdmm.2015.06.003

Antara. (2017). Danau Maninjau dikunjungi 1.000 Wisatawan Mancanegara Perbulan. Retrieved October 10, 2017, from http://www.antaranews.com/berita/645381/danau-maninjau-dikunjungi-1000-wisatawan-mancanegara-perbulan

Björk, P. (2007). Defenition Paradoxes; From Concept to Defenition. In J. Higham (Ed.), Critical Issues in Ecotourism: Understanding a Complex Tourism Phenomenon (pp. 23–45). Elsevier Ltd.

BPS Agam. (2017). Kecamatan Tanjung Raya Dalam Angka 2017. Agam.

Dinas Pariwisata Seni dan Budaya Kab. Agam. (2003a). Penyusunan Rencana Induk Pengembangan Pariwisata (RIPP) Kabupaten Agam 2002-2012. Pemda Kabupaten Agam.

Dinas Pariwisata Seni dan Budaya Kab. Agam. (2003b). Penyusunan Rencana Tata Ruang Kawasan Danau Maninjau. Pemda Kabupaten Agam.

Fauzana, N. (2003). Peranan Homestay Sebagai Penunjang Kepariwisataan dan Pengaruhnya Terhadap Ekonomi Rakyat di Sekitar Danau Maninjau, Kab. Agam. Universitas Andalas.

Fauzi, A., & Oktavianus, A. (2014). Pengukuran Pembangunan Berkelanjutan di Indonesia.pdf. Mimbar, 30(1), 42–52.

Firdaus, F. (2016). Evaluasi Proyek Pembangunan Sosial Pada Kelompok Masyarakat Kawasan Hutan Mbeliling, Kab. Manggarai Barat, NTT. Jurnal Ilmu Sosial Mamangan, 5(1), 13–22. http://doi.org/10.22202/mamangan.1926

Hijriati, E., & Mardiana, R. (2014). Pengaruh Ekowisata Bebasis Masyarakat Terhadap Perubahan Kondisi Ekologi, Sosial, dan Ekonomi di Kampung Batusuhunan, Sukabumi. Solidity: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan, 02(03), 146–159.

Hughes, H. L. (2002). Culture and Tourism : A Framework for Further Analysis Culture and Tourism. Managing Leisure, 7(3), 164–175. http://doi.org/10.1080/1360671022000013701

Jovicic, D. (2016). Cultural Tourism in The Context of Relations Between Mass and Alternative Tourism. Current Issues in Tourism, 19(6), 605–612. http://doi.org/10.1080/13683500.2014.932759

Kong, W. H., du Cros, H., & Ong, C.-E. (2015). Tourism destination image development: a lesson from Macau. International Journal of Tourism Cities, 1(4), 299–316. http://doi.org/10.1108/IJTC-08-2014-0016

Kunasekaran, P., & Gill, S. S. (2016). Utilizing Cultural and Natural Resources Towards Sustainability of Indigenous Tourism : A Case Study of Mah Meri Community in Carey , Island , Malaysia. Option, 20(1), 3–11.

Littrell, M. A. (1997). Shopping experiences and marketing of culture to tourists. In R. Mike, E. Nigel, & C. Paul (Eds.), Tourism and Culture (pp. 107–120). Centre for Travel and Tourism.

MacDonald, R., & Jolliffe, L. (2003). Cultural rural tourism: Evidence from Canada. Annals of Tourism Research, 30(2), 307–322. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0160-7383(02)00061-0

McGettigan, F., & Rozenkiewicz, A. (2013). Archaeotoursim - The Past Is Our Futute? In R. Raj, K. Griffin, & N. Morpeth (Eds.), Cultural Tourisme (pp. 118–128). Boston: CABI.

McKercher, B. (2002). Towards a Classification of cultural tourists. International Journal of Tourism Research, 4(1), 29–38. http://doi.org/10.1002/jtr.346

Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (1992). Analisis Data Kualitatif: Buku Sumber Tentang Metode-Metode Baru. Jakarta.: UI Press.

Nafila, O. (2013). Peran Komunitas Kreatif dalam Pengembangan Pariwisata Budaya di Situs Megalitikum Gunung Padang. Jurnal Perencanaan Wilayah Dan Kota, 24(1), 65–80.

Pavlic, I., & Raguž, I. V. (2013). Managing Heritage and Cultural Tourisme Resources in Dubrovnik. In R. Raj, K. Griffin, & N. Morpeth (Eds.), Cultural Tourisme (pp. 163–177). Boston: CABI.

Picard, M. (2005). Bali: Pariwisata Budaya dan Budaya Pariwisata. Jakarta: Gramedia.

Pitana, I. G., & Gayatri, P. G. (2005). Sosiologi Pariwisata. Yogyakarta: Andi.

Poria, Y., Butler, R., & Airey, D. (2003). The core of heritage tourism. Annals of Tourism Research, 30(1), 238–254. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0160-7383(02)00064-6

Pramudia, E. (2008). Evaluasi Potensi Obyek Wisata Aktual Di Kabupaten Agam Sumatera Barat Untuk Perencanaan Program Pengembangan. Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Raj, R. (2003). The Impact of Festivals on Cultural Tourism. In The 2nd DeHaan Tourism Management Conference “Developing Cultural Tourism. United Kingdom.

Raj, R., Griffin, K., & Morpeth, N. (2013). Introduction to Cultural Tourism Philosophy and Management. In R. Raj, K. Griffin, & N. Morpeth (Eds.), Cultural Tourisme (pp. 1–12). Boston: CABI.

Richards, G. (2001). The development of cultural tourism in Europe. In G. Richards (Ed.), Cultural Attractions and European Tourism (pp. 3–30). New York: CABI Publishing.

Russel, K. A., & O’Connor, N. (2013). The London 2012 Olympic Games: The Cultural Tourist as a Pillar of Sustainability. In R. Raj, K. Griffin, & N. Morpeth (Eds.), Cultural Tourisme (pp. 204–211). Boston: CABI.

Saifuddin, A. F. (2005). Antropologi Kontemporer: Suatu Pengantar Kritis Mengenai Paradigma. Jakarta: Kencana.

Saraniemi, S., & Kylänen, M. (2011). Problematizing the Concept of Tourism Destination: An Analysis of Different Theoretical Approaches. Journal of Travel Research, 50(2), 133–143. http://doi.org/10.1177/0047287510362775

Sedyawati, E. (2006). Budaya Indonesia: Kajian Arkeologi, Seni, dan Sejarah. Jakarta: Rajagrafindo Persada.

Spillane, J. J. (1987). Ekonomi Pariwisata, Sejarah dan Prospeknya. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Sudarmadji, & Darmanto, D. (2014). Dampak Lingkungan dan Risiko Bencana Pengembangan Desa Wisata; Studi Kasus di Desa Wisata Sambi. Kawistara, 4(2), 111–224.

Suwantoro, G. (2004). Dasar-Dasar Pariwisata. Yogyakarta: Andi.

Syamsuridjal, D., & Kaelany, H. (1996). Peluang di Bidang Pariwisata. Jakarta: PT. Mutiara Sumber Widya.

Tim Konsorsium. (1997). Studi Penyusunan Rencana Induk pengembangan Pariwisata Nasional, Tahap II, 1996/1997: Laporan Akhir.

Wearing, S., & Neil, J. (2009). Ecotourism: Impacts, Potentials and Possibilities? (second). elsevier Ltd.

Wirutomo, P. (2013). Mencari Makna Pembangunan Sosial : Studi Kasus Sektor Informal di Kota Solo. Masyarakat, Jurnal Sosiologi, 18(1), 101–120.

Yoety, O. A. (2006). Pariwisata Budaya: Masalah dan Solusinya. Jakarta: PT. Pradnya Paramita.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.29313/mimbar.vol34iss1pp%25p

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.