The Shifting of Halal Certification System in Indonesia: From Society-Centric To State-Centric

Akim Akim, Neneng Konety, Chandra Purnama, Leeja Citra Korina


The aim of this paper is to describe the shifting of halal certification system in Indonesia, which previously tended to be society-centric towards state-centric. The needs of domestic consumers for a legally strong halal assurance system and the spread of global halal trend encourage the birth of Law Number 33 of 2014. The law makes halal certification compulsory rather than voluntary, in which the control conducted by the arrangements of LPPOM MUI is shifted to the superintendence of the Ministry of Religion through Badan Penyelenggara Jaminan Produk Halal (BPJPH)/ Halal Product Guarantee Agency. This research uses a qualitative method, in which the data gathered from semi-structured interviews and studies of literature. The research result shows that the system of state-centric halal certification has more benefits than that of the society-centric system that was previously applied in Indonesia. However, it could not be proven yet since the new system has not been implemented and the supporting infrastructures have not actually been ready to operate.


halal certification, society-centric, state-centric

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