PENGEMBANGAN PARIWISATA ALAM DALAM MENDUKUNG PEMBANGUNAN BERKELANJUTAN DI DESA WISATA PENTINGSARI

Riswandha Risang Aji

Sari


ABSTRAK

 

Pariwisata alam merupakan pariwisata yang memiliki banyak potensi di Indonesia. Perkembangan pariwisata diselaraskan dengan pembangunan berkelanjutan yang berfokus pada ekonomi, sosial, dan lingkungan. Di Indonesia sendiri sudah banyak yang mengintegrasikan pariwisata dengan lingkungan melalui konsep ekowisata, di mana pariwisata berkembang tanpa merusak lingkungan sehingga kegiatan pariwisata tersebut berkelanjutan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mengkaji pengembangan pariwisata alam yang bisa mendukung dan selaras dengan pembangunan berkelanjutan. Temuan dari penelitian ini adalah di desa wisata Pentingsari terdapat pemanfaatan sumber daya alam untuk dikembangkan sebagai atraksi pariwisata. Selain itu desa wisata Pentingsari juga memiliki sistem sosial yang unik dan bisa menjadi atraksi pariwisata juga. Desa wisata Pentingsari sangat menjaga keberlanjutan lingkungannya melalui sistem sosial yang memanfaatkan sumber daya alam secara proporsional dan menjaga kelestarian sumber daya alam yang ada di sana. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah desa wisata Pentingsari mampu mengembangkan pariwisata alam sebagai atraksi pariwisata yang mendukung pembangunan berkelanjutan berwawasan lingkungan melalui integrasi aspek-aspek pembangunan berkelanjutan seperti ekonomi, sosial, dan lingkungan.

 

Kata kunci: Desa Wisata, Pembangunan Berkelanjutan, Pariwisata Alam

 

ABSTRACT

 

Indonesia has a lot of nature tourism potential. The development of tourism is aligned with sustainable development that focused on the economy, social and environment. In Indonesia itself, most of the tourism had integrated with the environment through the concept of ecotourism, where tourism develops without damaging the environment so that tourism activities are sustainable. The purpose of this study is to examine the development of nature tourism that can support and be aligned with sustainable development. The findings of this study are that in the Pentingsari tourism village there are natural resources which utilised to be developed as tourism attractions. In additions Pentingsari tourism village also has a unique social system and can be a tourism attraction as well. Pentingsari tourism village maintain its environmental sustainability through a social system that utilises natural resources proportionally and preserves the natural resources there. The conclusion of this research is Pentingsari tourism village is able to develop nature tourism as a tourism attraction that supports environmentally sustainable development through sustainable development aspects such as economic, social, and environment.

 

Keywords: Tourism village, sustainable development, nature touris


Kata Kunci


Desa Wisata, Pembangunan Berkelanjutan, Pariwisata Alam

Referensi


Aji, R. R., Pramono, R. W. D., & Rahmi, D. H. (2018). Kontribusi Sektor Pariwisata Terhadap Ekonomi Wilayah Di Provinsi Jawa Timur. Jurnal Planoearth, 3(2), 57–62. https://doi.org/10.31764/jpe.v3i2.600

Andrianto, R. H., & Damayanti, M. (2018). Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Dalam Pengembangan Desa Wisata, Studi Kasus : Desa Wisata Pentingsari, DIY. Teknik PWK, 7(4), 242–250. Retrieved from https://ejournal3.undip.ac.id/index.php/pwk/article/view/22249/20816

Aquino, R. S., Lück, M., & Schänzel, H. A. (2018). A conceptual framework of tourism social entrepreneurship for sustainable community development. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management, 37(March), 23–32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhtm.2018.09.001

Blapp, M., & Mitas, O. (2018). Creative tourism in Balinese rural communities. Current Issues in Tourism, 21(11), 1285–1311. https://doi.org/10.1080/13683500.2017.1358701

Borsekova, K., Vanova, A., & Vitalisova, K. (2017). Smart Specialization for Smart Spatial Development : Innovative Strategies for Building Competitive Advantages in Tourism in Slovakia. Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, 58, 39–50. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seps.2016.10.004

Chen, B. X., & Qiu, Z. M. (2017). Community attitudes toward ecotourism development and environmental conservation in nature reserve: a case of Fujian Wuyishan National Nature Reserve, China. Journal of Mountain Science, 14(7), 1405–1418. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-016-3983-6

Cobbinah, P. B. (2015). Contextualising the meaning of ecotourism. Tourism Management Perspectives, 16, 179–189. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tmp.2015.07.015

Cobbinah, P. B., Amenuvor, D., Black, R., & Peprah, C. (2017). Ecotourism in the Kakum Conservation Area , Ghana : Local politics , practice and outcome. Journal of Outdoor Recreation and Tourism, 20(June), 34–44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jort.2017.09.003

Fachrudin, H. T., & Lubis, M. D. (2016). Planning for Riverside Area as Water Tourism Destination to Improve Quality of Life Local Residents, Case Study : Batuan – Sikambing River, Medan, Indonesia. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 234, 434–441. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.10.261

Gao, J., & Wu, B. (2017). Revitalizing traditional villages through rural tourism: A case study of Yuanjia Village, Shaanxi Province, China. Tourism Management, 63, 223–233. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2017.04.003

Gursoy, D., Boğan, E., Dedeoğlu, B. B., & Çalışkan, C. (2019). Residents’ perceptions of hotels’ corporate social responsibility initiatives and its impact on residents’ sentiments to community and support for additional tourism development. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management, 39(October 2018), 117–128. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhtm.2019.03.005

Han, J. (2019). Vacationers in the countryside : Traveling for tranquility ? Tourism Management, 70(2019), 299–310. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2018.09.001

Handayani, T., & Rahmi, M. (2018). Analisis Kesiapan Desa Mekar Agung Kecamatan Cibadak Kabupaten Lebak Banten Sebagai Desa Wisata Syariah. IKRAITH EKONOMIKA, 1(2), 1–12.

Heslinga, J., Groote, P., & Vanclay, F. (2018). Understanding the historical institutional context by using content analysis of local policy and planning documents : Assessing the interactions between tourism and landscape on the Island of Terschelling in the Wadden Sea Region. Tourism Management, 66, 180–190. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2017.12.00

Hindersah, H., Asyiawati, Y., Akliyah, L. S., & Ramadhan, T. A. (2017). Tantangan Pembangunan Pariwisata Inklusif Geopark Ciletuh , Desa Ciwaru Kabupaten Sukabumi – Provinsi Jawa Barat. Prosiding Seminar Nasional: Perencanaan Pembangunan Inklusif Desa - Kota, 125–134.

Iandolo, F., Fulco, I., Bassano, C., & D’Amore, R. (2019). Managing a tourism destination as a viable complex system. The case of Arbatax Park. Land Use Policy, 84(February), 21–30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2019.02.019

Ignat, R., Stoian, M., & Rosca, V. (2014). Socio-economic aspects of rural Romania. Procedia - Economics and Finance, 15(14), 1331–1338. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2212-5671(14)00596-6

Kan, A. ke, Li, G. qing, Yang, X., Zeng, Y. long, Tesren, L., & He, J. (2018). Ecological vulnerability analysis of Tibetan towns with tourism-based economy: a case study of the Bayi District. Journal of Mountain Science, 15(5), 1101–1114. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11629-017-4789-x

Kozic, I. (2019). Can tourism development induce deterioration of human capital ? Annals of Tourism Research, 77(December 2018), 168–170. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2018.12.018

Lee, Y., Huang, S., & Liao, P. (2019). Land teleconnections of urban tourism : A case study of Taipei’s agricultural souvenir products. Landscape and Urban Planning, (June), 103616. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2019.103616

Leonandri, D., & Rosmadi, M. L. N. (2018). Sinergitas Desa Wisata Dan Industri Kreatif Dalam Meningkatkan Perekonomian Masyarakat. IKRAITH EKONOMIKA, 1(2), 13–18.

Liu, C. H., Horng, J. S., Chou, S. F., & Huang, Y. C. (2017). Analysis of tourism and hospitality sustainability education with co-competition creativity course planning. Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport and Tourism Education, 21(February), 88–100. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhlste.2017.08.008

Liu, C. S., & Chou, S. (2016). Tourism strategy development and facilitation of integrative processes among brand equity , marketing and motivation. Tourism Management, 54, 298–308. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2015.11.014

Ma, B., Cai, Z., Zheng, J., & Wen, Y. (2019). Conservation, ecotourism, poverty, and income inequality – A case study of nature reserves in Qinling, China. World Development, 115, 236–244. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2018.11.017

Madariaga, C. J. de, & Hoyo, J. J. G. del. (2019). Enhancing of the cultural fishing heritage and the development of tourism : A case study in Isla Cristina (Spain). Ocean and Coastal Management, 168(September 2018), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2018.10.023

Magalhães, M. J., Magalhães, S. T. de, Rodrigues, C., & Marques, S. (2017). Acceptance criteria in a Promotional Tourism Demarketing Plan. Procedia Computer Science, 121, 934–939. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2017.11.121

Maldonado, A. D., Aguilera, P. A., Salmerón, A., & Nicholson, A. E. (2018). Probabilistic modeling of the relationship between socioeconomy and ecosystem services in cultural landscapes. Ecosystem Services, 33, 146–164. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoser.2018.04.007

Mandić, A. (2019). Nature-based solutions for sustainable tourism development in protected natural areas: a review. Environment Systems and Decisions, 0(0), 0. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10669-019-09718-2

Manrai, L. A., Lascu, D., & Manrai, A. K. (2019). A study of safari tourism in sub-Saharan Africa : An empirical test of Tourism A-B-C ( T-ABC ) model. Journal of Business Research, (August 2018), 0–1. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2019.02.066

Marques, L., & Borba, C. (2017). Co-creating the city : Digital technology and creative tourism. Tourism Management Perspectives, 24, 86–93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tmp.2017.07.007

Masud, M. M., Aldakhil, A. M., Nassani, A. A., & Azam, M. N. (2017). Community-based ecotourism management for sustainable development of marine protected areas in Malaysia. Ocean and Coastal Management, 136, 104–112. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2016.11.023

Moscardo, G., Konovalov, E., Murphy, L., McGehee, N. G., & Schurmann, A. (2017). Linking tourism to social capital in destination communities. Journal of Destination Marketing and Management, 6(4), 286–295. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdmm.2017.10.001

Mulyana, E. (2019). Upaya Pemberdayaan Ekonomi, Sosial dan Budaya pada Masyarakat Melalui Pengembangan Bisnis Ekowisata. Business Innovation &

Entrepreneurship Journal, 1(1), 38–43.

Natalia, P., Clara, R. A., Simon, D., Noelia, G., & Barbara, A. (2019). Critical elements in accessible tourism for destination competitiveness and comparison: Principal component analysis from Oceania and South America. Tourism Management, 75(April), 169–185. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2019.04.012

Nitivattananon, V., & Srinonil, S. (2019). Enhancing coastal areas governance for sustainable tourism in the context of urbanization and climate change in eastern Thailand. Advances in Climate Change Research, 10(1), 47–58. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.accre.2019.03.003

Osti, L., & Cicero, L. (2018). Tourists’ perception of landscape attributes in rural tourism. Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes, 10(2), 211–221. https://doi.org/10.1108/WHATT-12-2017-0087

Parta, I. N. (2019). Strategi Pemasaran Paket Wisata Pulau Komodo,oleh Pt. Komodo Cipta Wisata Tour and Travel Di Kuta Bali. Riset Ekonomi Manajemen, 2(2), 23–34.

Picazo, P., & Moreno-Gil, S. (2018). Tour operators’ marketing strategies and their impact on prices of sun and beach package holidays. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management, 35, 17–28. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhtm.2018.02.004

Pilving, T., Kull, T., Suskevics, M., & Viira, A. H. (2019). The tourism partnership life cycle in Estonia : Striving towards sustainable multisectoral rural tourism collaboration. Tourism Management Perspectives, 31(May), 219–230. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tmp.2019.05.001

Pratama, A. A. P. P., Halim, S., Sulistiyanto, & Setiawan, D. (2019). Entrepreneurship Development through Tourism Villages in the Perspective of Defense Economic (Study Case: Penting Sari, Sleman, Yogyakarta). Advances in Economics, Business and Management Research, 92(Icame 2018), 119–126.

Pratama, F. G., & Kurnia, G. (2018). Strategi Pengembangan Desa Wisata Berbasis Masyarakat (Studi Kasus: Desa Lebakmuncang, Kecamatan Ciwidey, Kabupaten Bandung). Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa AGROINFO GALUH, 5(1), 1014–1028.

Purbasari, N., & Asnawi. (2014). Keberhasilan Community Based Tourism Di Desa Wisata Kembangarum, Pentingsari Dan Nglanggeran. Teknik PWK, 3(3), 476–485.

Rahayu, A. T. (2018). Gambaran Keberdayaan Perempuan di Desa Wisata Pentingsari Berdasarkan Resident Empowerment through Tourism Scale (RETS). Gadjah Mada Journal of Tourism Studies, 1(1), 1–11.

Rubio-Cisneros, N. T., Moreno-Báez, M., Glover, J., Rissolo, D., Sáenz-Arroyo, A., Götz, C., … Herrera-Silveira, J. (2019). Poor fisheries data, many fishers, and increasing tourism development : Interdisciplinary views on past and current small-scale fisheries exploitation on Holbox Island. Marine Policy, 100(September 2018), 8–20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2018.10.003

Sanaubar, G., Hidayat, W., & Kusuma, H. (2017). Pengaruh Potensi Pariwisata Terhadap Penyerapan Tenaga Kerja Sektor Perhotelan di 9 Kabupaten/Kota Provinsi Jawa Timur Tahun 2012-2015. Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi, 1, 324–339.

Sanches-Pereira, A., Onguglo, B., Pacini, H., Gomez, M. F., Coelho, S. T., & Muwanga, M. K. (2017). Fostering local sustainable development in Tanzania by enhancing linkages between tourism and small-scale agriculture. Journal of Cleaner Production, 162, 1567–1581. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.06.164

Sangchumnong, A. (2018). Development of a sustainable tourist destination based on the creative economy : A case study of Klong Kone Mangrove. Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences, 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.kjss.2018.02.002

Santosa, A. D., Sovitriana, R., & Nilawati, E. (2019). Akselerasi Pengembangan Desa Wisata Karangtengah Imogiri Bantul Yogyakarta. IKRAITH ABDIMAS, 2(74), 37–46.

Taguchi, N. (2018). Description and explanation of pragmatic development: Quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods research. System, 75, 23–32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.system.2018.03.010

Truong, N. Van, & Shimizu, T. (2017). The effect of transportation on tourism promotion: Literature review on application of the Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) Model. Procedia Transportation Research, 25, 3096–3115. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trpro.2017.05.336

Tyas, N. W., & Asnawi. (2014). Kinerja Pelaksanaan PNPM Pariwisata Dalam Upaya Pengentasan Kemiskinan Di Desa Wisata Kembangarum dan Desa Wisata Pentingsari Kabupaten Sleman. Teknik PWK, 3(4).

Uchiyama, Y., & Kohsaka, R. (2016). Cognitive value of tourism resources and their relationship with accessibility: A case of

Noto region, Japan. Tourism Management Perspectives, 19, 61–68. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tmp.2016.03.006

Vinyals-Mirabent, S. (2019). European urban destinations ’ attractors at the frontier between competitiveness and a unique destination image . A benchmark study of communication practices. Journal of Destination Marketing & Management, 12(October 2018), 37–45. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdmm.2019.02.006

Wang, M., Chen, L., Su, P., & Morrison, A. M. (2019). The right brew? An analysis of the tourism experiences in rural Taiwan’s coffee estates. Tourism Management Perspectives, 30(August 2018), 147–158. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tmp.2019.02.009

Widowati, N., Astuti, W., & Rahayu, M. J. (2017). Tingkat Kesiapan Kali Pepe Untuk Dikembangkan Sebagai Kawasan Wisata Berbasis Sungai Di Kota Surakarta. Arsitektura, 15(1), 67–75.

Widyastuti, H., Marsoyo, A., & Setiawan, B. (2019). Analisis Konektivitas Antar Destinasi Pariwisata Pantai di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Region, 14(1), 1–12.

Wondirad, A., & Ewnetu, B. (2019). Community participation in tourism development as a tool to foster sustainable land and resource use practices in a national park milieu. Land Use Policy, 88(April), 104–155. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2019.104155

Yunus, H. S. (2010). Metodologi Penelitian Wilayah Kontemporer. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Zhou, L., Chan, E., & Song, H. (2017). Social capital and entrepreneurial mobility in early-stage tourism development: A case from rural China. Tourism Management, 63, 338–350. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2017.06.027




DOI: https://doi.org/10.29313/jpwk.v16i2.5240

Refbacks

  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.