Hubungan Masa Kerja dengan Keluhan Carpal Tunnel Syndrome pada Karyawan Pengguna Komputer di Bank BJB Cabang Subang

Kintan Nafasa, Yuniarti Yuniarti, Nurdjaman Nurimaba, Cice Tresnasari, Caecielia Wagiono

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Insidensi kejadian carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) 3,8% di dunia dan insidensi lebih tinggi pada individu yang pekerjaannya memerlukan fleksi atau ekstensi jari berulang dalam waktu yang lama seperti karyawan bank. Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis hubungan antara masa kerja dan keluhan CTS pada karyawan Bank BJB Cabang Subang yang bekerja menggunakan komputer. Penelitian ini pendekatan potong lintang dan instrumen pengumpulan data menggunakan Boston Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Questionnaire. Sampel adalah 54 karyawan Bank BJB Cabang Subang yang menggunakan komputer. Kriteria inklusi adalah perempuan dan laki-laki berusia ≥24 tahun, menggunakan komputer pada saat bekerja, serta tidak memiliki riwayat diabetes melitus dan artritis reumatoid. Kriteria eksklusi, yaitu memiliki masa kerja kurang dari satu tahun, memiliki riwayat trauma tangan atau pergelangan tangan, sedang hamil, atau telah menopause.  Analisis data dilakukan dengan Uji Eksak Fisher dan didapatkan p=0,000 (<0,05) terdapat hubungan signifikan masa kerja dengan keluhan CTS pada karyawan Bank BJB Cabang Subang yang menggunakan komputer. Kelompok yang memiliki masa kerja ≥4 tahun memiliki proporsi CTS lebih besar dibanding dengan kelompok yang memiliki masa kerja <4 tahun. Semakin lama masa kerja maka semakin tinggi risiko CTS  karena terjadi gerakan berulang pada jari tangan secara terus-menerus dalam jangka waktu yang lama sehingga dapat menyebabkan kompresi pada jaringan sekitar carpal tunnel.

 

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN WORK PERIOD TO COMPLAINTS OF CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME ON EMPLOYEES AT BANK BJB SUBANG WORKING USING COMPUTER

Incidence rates of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) 3.8% in the world. CTS incidence rates are higher in individuals whose jobs require long-term flexion or extension of fingers, such as bank employees. This study aimed to analyze the relationship between work period to complaints of CTS on employees at Bank BJB Subang working using computer. This research cross sectional approach and data collection using Boston Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Questionnaire. The target population of this research was all employees of Bank BJB Subang, while its accessible population was all employees of Bank BJB Subang that use computer. Samples were 54 employees at Bank BJB Subang is working on computer. Inclusion criteria was women and men aged ≥24 years who used the computer at work and had no history of diabetes mellitus and rheumatoid arthritis, while the exclusion criteria are those who has work period less than a year, history of hand or wrist injury, pregnant or menopause. Technique of data processing and data analysis conducted by statistical test Fisher’s exact test meaningful results is p-value = 0.000 (<0.05) thus there was a significant relationship between work period of complaints CTS on Employees at Bank BJB Subang Working Using Computer, which in the group who had working period more than four years had a higher proportion of CTS than the group with the working period less than four years. Risk of CTS will be higher for those who is working for a long period, because of repetitive movements of the fingers continuously for long periods of time can cause compression on the tissue around the carpal tunnel.

Kata Kunci


Carpal tunnel syndrome; karyawan; masa kerja; employees; work period

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Referensi


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