Kejadian HIV pada Anak Balita di Jawa Barat Periode Tahun 2014–2016

Nia Yulia Susanti, Budiman Budiman, Caecielia Caecielia, Buti Azfiani Azhali, Tony S Djajakusumah

Abstract


Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) merupakan virus yang menyerang sistem kekebalan tubuh manusia. Di Indonesia perempuan usia reproduktif dengan HIV masih tinggi pada periode Januari sampai Maret tahun 2014 berjumlah 13.023 kasus, kemudian meningkat pada periode April sampai Juni tahun 2014 menjadi 30.542 kasus. Hal ini berdampak apabila perempuan usia reproduktif hamil dengan HIV dapat meningkatkan risiko bayi yang lahir dengan HIV positif. Intervensi lebih dini dengan mengikuti pelayanan pencegahan penularan HIV dari ibu ke anak (PPIA) dapat menurunkan angka kejadian HIV pada anak balita. Penelitian ini bertujuan melihat kejadian HIV pada anak balita di Provinsi Jawa Barat dan untuk melihat bagaimana layanan PPIA di Provinsi Jawa Barat periode tahun 2014–2016. Penelitian dilakukan studi ekologi kualitatif deskriptif observasional untuk melihat jumlah kasus infeksi HIV pada anak balita di Jawa Barat periode tahun 2014 sampai 2016. Penelitian menggunakan data tersier dari Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Jawa Barat. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kejadian HIV pada anak balita di Jawa Barat pada tahun 2015 mengalami peningkatan dibanding dengan tahun 2014, sedangkan pada tahun 2016 dan 2015 tidak terdapat perubahan kejadian HIV pada anak balita di Jawa Barat.

 

HIV INCIDENCE IN CHILDREN UNDER FIVE IN WEST JAVA PERIOD YEAR 2014–2016

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a virus that attacks the human immune system. In Indonesia, women of reproductive age with HIV were still high in the period of January to March 2014 was 13,023 cases and then increased in the April to June 2014 period to 30,542 cases. It has an impact if women of reproductive age pregnant with HIV can increase the risk of babies born with HIV positive. Early intervention by following prevention services for mother-to-child HIV transmission (PPIA) can reduce the incidence of HIV in children under five. This study aimed to know the incidence of HIV in children under five in the province of West Java and to know how PPIA services in the province of West Java in the period 2014–2016. Observational descriptive quanlitative ecology study was conducted to know the number of cases of HIV infection in children under five in West Java in the period 2014 to 2016. The study used tertiary data from the provincial health office of West Java. The results showed that the incidence of HIV in children under five in West Java in 2015 had increased compared to 2014 while in 2016 and 2015 there was no change in the incidence of HIV in children under five in West Java.


Keywords


Anak balita; children under five; HIV; PMTCT; PPIA

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.29313/jiks.v1i2.4348

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