Scoping Review: Pengaruh Paparan Debu Kayu terhadap Fungsi Paru Pekerja Pengolahan Kayu

Raden Sarah Azzahra Nur Arofah, Yuke Andriane, Caecielia Makaginsar

Abstract


Lapangan pekerjaan industri pengolahan, pertambangan, dan pertanian memiliki masalah kesehatan tertinggi di Indonesia. Salah satunya adalah industri pengolahan kayu yang memiliki proses kegiatan penggergajian dan pengamplasan yang dapat menghasilkan debu kayu. Debu kayu mengandung selulosa, poliosa, dan lignin yang dapat terhirup, mengendap, kemudian dianggap benda asing oleh sistem pernapasan sehingga dapat menimbulkan penyakit. Tujuan penelitian ini menganalisis pengaruh paparan debu kayu terhadap gangguan fungsi paru pekerja pengolahan kayu. Metode penelitian ini adalah scoping review dengan mencari artikel yang dipublikasi tahun 2010–2020 pada database ProQuest dan Google Scholar. Sampel penelitian ini berupa artikel penelitian jurnal internasional yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi, eksklusi, dan uji kelayakan berdasar atas PICOS berjumlah empat artikel. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan uji fungsi respirasi mengalami penurunan signifikan pada nilai parameter volume ekspirasi paksa dalam satu detik (VEP1) pekerja pengolahan kayu dibanding dengan kontrol. Kapasitas vital paksa (KVP) tidak selalu menurun secara signifikan. Rasio VEP1/KVP dominan mengalami penurunan yang signifikan. Jenis obstruktif lebih sering pada pekerja pengolahan kayu dibanding dengan restriktif. Simpulan penelitian ini adalah paparan debu kayu dapat menurunkan fungsi paru. Mekanisme yang terjadi, yaitu debu kayu mengendap dalam saluran pernapasan sehingga menyebabkan penyempitan aliran udara serta menimbulkan iritasi dan inflamasi. Konsentrasi debu kayu dan masa kerja dapat memengaruhi penurunan fungsi paru.

 

SCOPING REVIEW: THE EFFECT OF WOOD DUST EXPOSURE ON LUNG FUNCTION OF WOOD PROCESSING WORKERS

Employment in the processing industry, mining, and agriculture have the highest health problems in Indonesia. One of them is wood processing which has sawing and sanding activities that can produce wood dust. Wood dust contains cellulose, polyose, and lignin which can be inhaled, precipitated, and recognized as foreign bodies by the respiratory system can cause disease. This study was to analyze the effect of wood dust exposure on the respiratory function of wood processing workers. This research method is a scoping review by searching for articles published from 2010–2020 on the ProQuest and Google Scholar databases. The sample in this study was research articles in international journals that qualify the inclusion, exclusion, and feasibility test criteria based on PICOS were four articles. The results of this study showed that the respiratory function test experienced a significant decrease in the parameter values of forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) of wood processing workers compared to controls. Forced vital capacity (FVC) does not always decrease significantly. FEV1/FVC is a dominant significant decrease. The obstructive type was more frequent in wood processing workers than restrictive. The conclusion of this study is exposure to wood dust can reduce lung function. The mechanism that occurs is wood dust settles in the respiratory tract, causing narrowing of the airflow, causing irritation and inflammation. Wood dust concentration and tenure can affect lung function decrease.


Keywords


Debu kayu; gangguan fungsi paru; pekerja pengolahan kayu; respiratory function disorders; respiratory function test; tes fungsi respirasi; wood dust; wood processing workers

Full Text:

PDF

References


Badan Pusat Statistik Republik Indonesia. Keadaan angkatan kerja di Indonesia Februari 2018 . Jakarta: Badan Pusat Statistik RI; 2018.

Badan Pusat Statistik Republik Indonesia. Profil statistik kesehatan 2016. Jakarta: Badan Pusat Statistik RI; 2016.

Foresto B, Tenda ED, Rumende CM. Obstruksi saluran napas pada non small carcinoma: sebuah laporan kasus. Ina J Chest Crit Emerg Med. 2015;2(3):124–30.

Patil P, Krishna VK. Effect of occupational exposure to dust on pulmonary function tests in individuals working in saw mills in Raichur district. Indian J Clin Anat Physiol. 2019;6(1):77–80.

Darmawan A. Penyakit sistem respirasi akibat kerja. JMJ. 2013;1(1):68–83.

Domej W, Oettl K, Renner W. Oxidative stress and free radicals in COPD—implications and relevance for treatment. Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis. 2014;9:1207–24.

Uyainah A, Amin Z, Thufeilsyah F. Spirometri. Ina J Chest Crit Emerg Med. 2014;1(1):35–8.

Bakhtiar A, Amran WS. Faal paru statis. J Respirasi. 2016;2(3):91–7.

Sari S, Nurjazuli, Dangiran HL. Analisis perbedaan fungsi paru pada pekerja berdasarkan kadar debu di PT Bogowonto Primalas Semarang. JKM. 2017;5(5):871–80.

Sekarini RAW, Hendryanny E, Surialaga S, Guntara A, Garna H. Pengaruh lama kerja terhadap fungsi paru pada supir angkot jurusan Cimahi di Terminal Leuwi Panjang Bandung. JIKS. 2019;1(1):21–4.

De Matteis S, Heederik D, Burdor A, Colosio C, Cullinan P, Henneberger PK, dkk. Current and new challenges in occupational lung diseases. Eur Respir Rev. 2017;26(146):170080.

Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Jawa Barat. Potensi usaha mikro kecil Provinsi Jawa Barat. Bandung: Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Jawa Barat; 2018.

Nafisa RSF, Joko T, Setiani O. Hubungan paparan debu kayu di lingkungan kerja terhadap gangguan fungsi paru pada pekerja di PT Arumbai Kasembadan, Banyumas. JKM. 2016;4(5):178–86.

Badan Pusat Statistik Kota Bandung. Kota Bandung dalam angka 2015. Bandung: Badan Pusat Statistik Kota Bandung; 2015.

Hosseini DK, Malekshahi Nejad V, Sun H, Hosseini HK, Adeli SH, Wang T. Prevalence of respiratory symptoms and spirometric changes among non-smoker male wood workers. PLoS One. 2020;15(3):e0224860.

Thepaksorn P, Fadrilan-Camacho VFF, Siriwong W. Respiratory symptoms and ventilatory function defects among para rubber wood sawmill workers in the south of Thailand. Hum Ecol Risk Assess. 2017;23(4):788–97.

Das PKL, Nepal GB, Upadhyay-Dhungel K, Panta R, Bhaila A, Shakya B. Occupational exposure and pulmonary function of workers of carpet industries and sawmills, Lalitpur, Nepal. Asian J Med Sci. 2014;5(2):54–8.

Thetkathuek A, Yingratanasuk T, Demers PA, Thepaksorn P, Saowakhontha S, Keifer MC. Rubberwood dust and lung function among Thai furniture factory workers. Int J Occup Environ Health. 2010;16(1):69–74.

Harahap F, Endah A. Uji fungsi paru. CDK-192. 2012;39(4):305–7.

Ma’rufi I. Efek pajanan debu kayu terhadap gangguan faal paru. Media Pharm Indones. 2016;1(1):45–52.

Das B. Prevalence of respiratory symptoms and respiratory disorders among carpenters in India. J Hum Ergol (Tokyo). 2019;48(2):83–91.

Jacobsen T, Schaumburg I, Sigsgaard T, Schulnssen V. Non-malignant respiratory diseases and occupational exposure to wood dust. Part I. Fresh wood and mixed wood industry. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2010;17(1):15–28.

IARC Working Group on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans. Arsenic, metals, fibres, and dusts. IARC Monogr Eval Carcinog Risks Hum. 2012;100(Pt C):11–465.

Prayitno B, Suliyanto, Wahyuningsih S. Pemantauan distribusi partikulat dan radioaktivitas alpha di udara instalasi elemen bakar eksperimental tahun 2010. Dalam: Prosiding Seminar Nasional SDM Teknologi Nuklir VII; 16 November 2011; Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Sekolah Tinggi Teknologi Nuklir-Badan Tenaga Nuklir Nasional Yogyakarta; 2011. hlm. 415–24.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.29313/jiks.v3i2.7297

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



eISSN: 2656-8438


View My Stats 


Flag Counter