Karakteristik Pekerja Industri Tekstil yang Terdiagnosis Kanker di Purwakarta

Tiara Oktaviani, Riri Risanti, Agung Firmansyah Sumantri

Abstract


Pekerja industri berisiko terkena kecelakaan, kecacatan, dan kematian akibat kerja. Hasil survei dari International Labour Organization menunjukkan bahwa prevalensi terbesar penyebab kematian yang berhubungan dengan pekerjaan disebabkan oleh kanker sebesar 8%. Kanker merupakan pertumbuhan sel yang tidak terkontrol diikuti proses invasi ke jaringan sekitar dan penyebaran ke bagian tubuh yang lain. Penyakit ini diketahui berhubungan dengan lingkungan kerja salah satunya industri tekstil karena terpapar oleh zat-zat karsinogenik. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui karakteristik pasien kanker yang bekerja di industri tekstil berdasar atas usia, jenis kelamin, dan jenis kanker yang terdiagnosis di RSUD Bayu Asih dan RS Dr. Abdul Radjak Purwakarta tahun 2018–2019. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode observasional deskriptif dengan melihat data rekam medis pasien kanker di RSUD Bayu Asih dan RS Dr. Abdul Radjak Purwakarta selama bulan Maret–Desember 2020 dengan rancangan cross-sectional. Didapatkan kejadian kanker pada pekerja industri tekstil lebih tinggi pada perempuan 61% daripada laki-laki 39%. Berusia 46–55 tahun 58%, usia 36–45 tahun 35%, dan jenis kankernya, yaitu kanker paru 26%, kanker payudara 23%, dan kanker kulit 13%. Simpulan penelitian ini adalah mayoritas pekerja industri tekstil yang terdiagnosis kanker adalah perempuan, berusia 46–55 tahun, serta jenis kanker adalah kanker paru dan kanker payudara.

 

CHARACTERISTICS OF TEXTILE INDUSTRY WORKERS DIAGNOSED WITH CANCER IN PURWAKARTA

Industrial workers are at high risk of accidents, injuries, and death due to work. The survey results from the International Labor Organization show that the highest prevalence of work-related deaths is cancer at 8%.  Cancer is an uncontrolled growth of cells following the invasion of surrounding tissues and spread to the other parts of the body. These diseases are known related to the work environment, one of them being the textile industry because it is exposed to carcinogenic substances. This study aims to determine the characteristics of cancer patients who work in the textile industry based on age, gender, and type of cancer diagnosed at the Bayu Asih Regional General Hospital and Dr. Abdul Radjak Hospital Purwakarta in 2018–2019. This study used a descriptive observational method by looking at the medical record data of cancer patients at Bayu Asih Regional General Hospital and Dr. Abdul Radjak Hospital Purwakarta during March–December 2020 with a cross-sectional design. It found that the cancer incidence in textile industry workers was 61% higher for women than 39% for men. Age 46–55 years 58%, age 36–45 years 35%, and the type of cancer, namely lung cancer 26%, breast cancer 23%, and skin cancer 13%. This study concludes that the textile industry workers majority diagnosed with cancer are women, aged 46–55 years, and the types of cancer are lung and breast cancer.


Keywords


Age; gender; jenis kanker; jenis kelamin; pekerja industri tekstil; type of cancer; textile industry workers; usia

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.29313/jiks.v3i2.7356

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