The Pattern of Clientelism in Lampung Local Election

Robi Cahyadi Kurniawan


Clientelism is a renewal of the concept of patronage, a patron of clients commonly referred to in several scientific studies. This research uses a qualitative method through an in-depth interview approach to informants and literature studies. The results show that clientelism among voters occurred in the election of Bandar Lampung Mayor Election in 2015. There is a symbiosis of mutualism between incumbent candidates for the Mayor and voters. Voters are influenced by their choices through imaging, giving, programs, and profitable policies. Voters benefit from education policies, free health, infrastructure and social assistance. Another pattern is shown in Lampung Governor Election 2014 when Sugar Group Company (SGC), with their significant power position and influence in sugar trade, fully supports the nomination of M. Ridho Ficardo. The pattern used is by holding entertainment shows and puppets with various attractive prizes offered such as motorbikes, refrigerators, and farm animals. Many voters are interested in giving their votes and get the prizes in return.


the pattern, clientelism, regional election

Full Text:



Agustino, L. (2014). Politik Lokal dan Otonomi Daerah. Bandung: Alfabeta

Aspinall, E., & Sukmajati, M. (2015). Politik Uang di Indonesia, Patronage dan Klientelisme pada Pemilu Legislatif 2014. Yogyakarta: PolGov UGM

Berenschot and Purba (2014) (, diakses 18 Februari 2015

Desposato, S. W. (2007). “How does Vote Buying Shape the Legislative Arena?”, in F.C. Schaffer (ed), Election for Sale: The Causes and Consequences of Vote Buying, Lynne Rienner Publishers, Boulder, pp. 101-122

Eisenstadt, S.N. and Roniger, L. (1984) Patrons, clients and friends: Interpersonal relations and the structure of trust in society, Cambridge University Press

Hopkin, J. (2001). A “Southern model” of electoral mobilization? Clientelism and electoral politics in post-Franco Spain. London: LSE Research

Huntington, S., P. (1984). Partisipasi Politik di Negara Berkembang, Jakarta: Sangkala Pulsar

Kitschelt, H. and Wilkinson, S.I. (2007). Patrons, Clients, and Policies: Patterns of Democratic Accountability and Political Competition, Cambridge University Press

Kurniawan, R., C., Mudiyati, R., Agustino, L. (2017). “Vote Buying in Lampung Local Election”, Jurnal MIMBAR Unisba, Volume 33 No 2 (Desember 2017) pp 359-367.

Legg, K., R. (1983). Tuan Hamba dan Politisi. Jakarta: Sinar Harapan

Mayhew, D.R. (1974). Congress: The Electoral Connection, Yale University Press, New Haven

Mayhew, D.R. (2008). Parties and Policies: How the American Government Works, Yale University Press, New Haven

Medina, L. F. and Stokes, S. (2007). Monopoly and monitoring: an approach to political clientelism in Patrons, Clients, and Policies: Patterns of Democratic Accountability and Political Competition, ed. H. Kitschelt and S. Wilkinson. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Muslim, A., Kolopaking, Dharmawan, and Soetarto. (2015). ”Dinamika Peran Sosial Politik Ulama dan Jawara di Pandeglang Banten”. Jurnal MIMBAR Unisba, Vol. 31, No. 2 (Desember, 2015): pp 461-474

Neuman, L. (2006). Social Research Methods. USA: University of Winconsin at Whitewater

Piattoni, S. (2001). Clientelism, Interests, and Democratic Representation: The European Experience in Historical and Comparative Perspective, Cambridge University Press

Schmidt, S., W., Scott, J., C., Lande, C., Guasti, L. (eds.) (1977). Friends, Followers and Factions: A Reader in Political Clientelism, University of California Press

Scott, James C (1972). Comparative Political Corruption, New Jersey, Prentice-Hall.

Siagian, S., P. (1994). Patologi Birokrasi, Analisis, Identifikasi dan Terapinya. Jakarta, Ghalia Indonesia

Sumarto, M. (2014). Perlindungan Sosial dan Klientelisme, Makna Politik Bantuan Sosial dalam Pemilihan Umum. Gadjah Mada University Press.

Tilly, C. (2004). “Trust and Rule’, Theory and Society, 33:1, pp :1-30

Volintiru, C. (2010). “Clientelism and Democratic Accountability”. PSA Graduate Network Conference December 2010



  • There are currently no refbacks.

MIMBAR : Jurnal Sosial dan Pembangunan is licensed under  Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License