Interaksi Aktor dalam Rekonstruksi Rumah Pasca Bencana Gempa Bumi

Saut Aritua Hasiholan Sagala, Fernando Situngkir, Ramanditya Wimbardana


This research aims to provide the understanding of stakeholders’ interaction process in housing reconstruction in Pangalengan Sub-District after the 2009 West Java earthquake. This research took qualitative approach and was focused on describing patterns which the actors took in particular roles and exploring their interaction pattern. The actors’ interaction was presented in statistic measurement and social network analysis. Through the visualization of actors’ networks and the quantitative measurement of the networks, it was resulted that the density of network was relatively low. We found that 41 actors were involved in housing reconstruction in Pangalengan Sub-District which 18 actors became the central actors.The actors in the network comprised from four elements, including government, community, business and donor, and external actors. The increasing of interaction intensity in the network by arranging such mechanism and enhancement of actors’ capacity are recommended in this study.


Interaction; Actor; Reconstruction; Housing; Earthquake; Development


Barakat, S(2003). Housing reconstruction after conflict and Disaster. Humanitarian Policy Group, Network Papers, No.43,pp. 1-40.

Bisri, M. B. F(2012). Exploring Intergovernmental Cooperation in Disaster Management. Master Institut Teknologi Bandung.

Chang, Y., Wilkinson, S., Potangaroa, R. & Seville, E. (2010). Resourcing challenges for post-disaster housing reconstruction: a comparative analysis. Building Research & Information, No.38,pp. 247-264.

Coppola, D. P. (2006). Introduction to international disaster management, Butterworth-Heinemann.

Damayanti, P. (2010). Peran Stakeholder dalam Rehabilitasi dan Rekonstruksi Bencana Gempa Bumi di Pangalengan (Studi Kasus : Dusun Margakawit). Undergraduate, Institut Teknologi Bandung

Dey, I. (1993). Qualitative data analysis: A user-friendly guide, Routledge.

Glantz, M. H. (2000). Climate‐related disaster diplomacy: A US‐Cuban case study∗. Cambridge Review of International Affairs, No.14,pp. 233-253.

Ingirige, B., Richard, H., Malalgoda, C. & Palliyaguru, R. (2008). Exploring Good Practice Knowledge Transfer Related to Post-Tsunami Housing (Re-) Construction in Sri Lanka. Journal of Construction in Developing Countries, No.13,pp. 21-42.

Lassa, J. A. (2011). Institutional Vulnerability and Governance of Disaster Risk Reduction: Macro-, Meso-and Micro Scale Assessment. Universitäts-und Landesbibliothek Bonn.

Lindell, M. K. & Prater, C. S. (2003). Assessing Community Impacts of Natural Disasters. Natural Hazards Review, No.4, pp. 176-185.

Monday, J. (2002). Building back better: Creating a sustainable community after disaster, University of Boulder, Natural Hazards Research and Applications Information Center.

Olshansky, R. & Chang, S. (2009). Planning for disaster recovery: Emerging research needs and challenges. Progress in Planning, No.72,pp. 200-209.

Ozden, A. (2006). Developing a model for community involvement in post-disaster housing programmes. Obtenida el, 5.

Peacock, W. G., Dash, N. & Zhang, Y. (2007). Sheltering And Housing Recovery Following Disaster. In: Rodriguez, H., Quarantelli, E. L. & Dynes, R. R. (eds.) Handbook of Disaster Research New York: Springer.

Prell, C. (2011). Social Network Analysis: History, Theory and Methodology, Sage Publications Limited.

Ratnasari, A. (2010). Pesan Positif dalm Komunikasi.No.26,pp. 159-168. MIMBAR, Vol. XXVI, No. 2 (Desember 2010): 105-152.

Sawitri, D. (2006). Profesi Perencana Dalam Perencanaan Partisipatif Suatu Kajian Teori Dan Praktek Perencanaan. pp. 15-32. MIMBAR, Vol. XXII, No. 1 (Januari-Maret 2006).

Soerjono, S. (2003). Sosiologi Suatu Pengantar. Rajawali Pers, Jakarta.

Steinberg, F. (2007). Housing reconstruction and rehabilitation in Aceh and Nias, Indonesia—rebuilding lives. Habitat International, No.31,pp. 150-166.

Taschereau, S. & Bolger, J. (2006). Networks and capacity. Maastricht: European Centre for Development Policy Management.

Vallance, S. (2011). Early disaster recovery: a guide for communities. Australasian Journal of Disaster and Trauma Studies, 2.

Varda, D. M., Forgette, R., Banks, D. & Contractor, N. (2009). Social network methodology in the study of disasters: Issues and insights prompted by post-Katrina research. Population Research and Policy Review, No.28,pp. 11-29.

Wimbardana, R. & Sagala, S. (2012). Understanding Social Recovery Process in Pangalengan Community after the 2009 West Java Earthquake: Challenges to Post-Disaster Recovery Planning. The 2nd International Conference Sustanaibale Built Environment. Yogyakarta, 10-12 July 2012: Universitas Islam Indonesia.

Yasaditama, H. & Sagala, S. (2012). Rebuilding Settlements: Learning from Housing Reconstruction Process after West Java Earthquake,. The 2nd International Conference on Sustainable Built Environment. Islamic University of Indonesia.



  • There are currently no refbacks.