Analysis of Development Index of Land Border Area through Composite Index Construction

D. A. Rahim, D. S. Priyarsono, Ernan Rustiadi, Yusman Syaukat


The land border area in Indonesia is a strategic area from a social, economic, political, cultural, and security perspective. The arrangement and development of the border area as a strategic area are needed to synchronize the policies of the central and regional governments. Even though it has several problems, currently, the development of the border area has become one of the development priorities by the government. The Development Index of Land Border Area was built to analyze development dynamics in border areas during 2018 - 2019 using Linear Aggregation Model (OECD 2008). It is used as a reference in program preparation and evaluation of central and regional government policies related to border development and management. This research was conducted in twenty-one districts in the land border area of Indonesia, covering five provinces, namely West Kalimantan (Kalimantan Barat), East Kalimantan, North Kalimantan, East Nusa Tenggara, and Papua. The dimensions used in this calculation are economic, social, infrastructure, communication technology, and the environment, as well as eleven sub-dimensions and twenty-nine variables. All observation areas have economic resources in the agricultural sector, but some areas are also tourist areas. Over ten years, the development index for Indonesia’s land border areas was quite volatile but still ranged from 10- 20. During 2010 - 2019, Berau (East Kalimantan) achieved the highest development composite index of 25.4, and the lowest was Sabu Raijua (East Nusa Tenggara) achieved the lowest composite index of 19.8.


development index of land border area, border area development, development strategy

Full Text:



Badan Nasional Pengelolaan Perbatasan. (2011). Desain Besar Pengelolaan Batas Wilayah Negara dan Kawasan Perbatasan Tahun 2011 – 2025. Jakarta.

Bangun, B. H. (2014). Membangun model kerjasama pengelolaan perbatasan negara di Kalimantan Barat-Serawak (suatu studi perbandingan. Jurnal MMH, 43, 31–39.

Bellinger, W. K. (2017). The Economic Analysis of Public Policy. New York (AS). Routledge Press.

Bidang PU/Cipta Karya. (n.d.). Rencana Program Investasi Jangka Menengah (RPIJM) 2016 -2021.

BPS. (2011). Analisis Sektor Ekonomi Unggulan Di Kabupaten Malinau Provinsi Kalimantan Timur Tahun 2000 – 2010.

BPS. (2016). Produk Domestik Regional Bruto Malinau Dalam Angka 2016-2020.

Capello, R., & P., N. (2019). Handbook of Regional Growth and Development Theories. Revised and Extended Edition. Edward Elgar Publishing.

Cassidy K., Davis N.Y., W. G. (2017). Debordering and Everyday (re)Bordering in and of Dover: Postborderland Borderscapes. Political Geography Journal, 66, 171–179.

Cons J. (2013). Narrating boundaries: framing and contesting suffering, community, and belonging in enclaves along the India Bangladesh Border. Political Geography Journal, 35, 37–46.

Dube, J., Brunelle, C., & Legross, D. (2016). Location Theories and Business Location Decision: A Micro-Spatial Investigation of a Nonmetropolitan Area in Canada. Review Of Journal Studies, 46, 143–170.

Floerkemeier, H., Nikola, S., Falorni, S., & Venables, A. (2021). Regional Disparities, Growth, and Inclusiveness. IMF eLibrary.

Freng, L., Liu, X., Hu, D., Wang, R., Yang, W., Li, D., & Zhao, D. (2009). Measurement Indicators and an Evaluation Approach for Assessing Urban Sustainable development: A Case Study for China’s Jining City. J. Landscape and Urban Planning, 90, 134–142.

Grant, A. (2018). Crossing Khorgos: soft power, security and suspect loyalties at the Sino Kazakh Boundary. Political Geography Journal, 76, 1–10.

Hadi, S. (2018). Strategi Dan Kebijakan Percepatan Pembangunan Daerah Perbatasan Melalui Pengembangan Kawasan Perbatasan Pada Daerah Hukum. Bappenas.

Hornstorm L. Lisa S Olsen, L. V. W. (2012). Added value of cross border and transnational corporation in Nordic Region. Stockholm Nordic Council of Minister.

Huh, Hyeon-Seung. (2018). “Asia- Pacific regional integration index: Construction, interpretation, and comparison” Journal of Asian Economics.Elsevier, vol 54(C).22-38.

Luu, H. N., & Nguyen, N. M. (2019). Infrastucture And Economic Development in Developing Economies – New Empirical Evidence from Night Satellite Imegery In Vietnam. International of Journal Economics, 46, 581–594.

Mulya.SA (2021). Menjaga Kesinambungan Arah Kebijakan Transformasi Pengembangan Wilayah Jangka Panjang RPJP dan Visi Indonesia 2045. Bappenas.

Muta’ali, L. (2014). Pengembangan Kawasan Perbatasan. Badan Penerbit Fakultas Geografi (BPFG) Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Muta’ali, L., Lilik, N., & Nurwinda, L. H. (2017). Pengembangan Pusat Pertumbuhan Di Wilayah Perbatasan. Badan Penerbit Fakultas Geografi (BPFG) Universitas Gajah Mada.

Newman, D. (2003). On Borders and Power: A Theorethical Framework. Journal of Borderland Studies, 18, 13–25.

OECD-JRC European Comission. (2008). Handbook on Constructing Composite Indicators: Methodology And User Guide. OECD Publishing.

Priyarsono, D. . (2017). Membangun dari pinggiran; tinjauan dari perspektif ilmu ekonomi regional. Jurnal Of Regional And Rural Development Planning, 1, 42–52.

Priyarsono, D. S. (2021). Mengembangkan Wilayah Untuk Mengurangi Kesenjangan dan Menjamin Pemerataan. IPB Press.

Rusdiana, O,. Supijatno, Andriyanto, Y., & Widodo, C. E. (2017). Potensi Pengembangan Kehutanan dan Pertanian Kabupaten Mahakam Ulu, Provinsi Kalimantan Timur. Journal of Regional and Rural Development Planning, 1, 114–131.

Rustiadi, E. (2015). Paradigma Baru Proses Perencanaan Pengembangan Wilayah. Bahan Ajar Perkuliahan PWD 2015.

Rustiadi, E., Saefulhakim, S., & Dyah R Panuju. (2015). Perencanaan Dan Pengembangan Wilayah. Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

Rustiadi, E., Syahbana, G., & Pratika, S. (2021). Mazhab dan Praktik Pengembangan Wilayah. IPB Press.

Supianto,S., Silvester,AU.,Windhu P.(2017) Pengembangan Sektor Ekonomi Daerah Tertinggal Di Propinsi Kalimantan Barat. Jurnal Ekonomi Bisnis dan Kewirausahaan vol 6 no 3.23-26.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

MIMBAR : Jurnal Sosial dan Pembangunan is licensed under  Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License