Fenomena “Virtual Youtuber” Kizuna Ai di Kalangan Penggemar Budaya Populer Jepang di Indonesia

Dwiana Rachmadewi Puspitaningrum, Arie Prasetio

Abstract


Defy Media’s survey shows that 85% of 13-24 years old teenagers use YouTube as a main platform to watch videos. Hence, YouTuber became a favored profession. Within YouTuber profession trend, Virtual YouTuber phenomenon emerges. Virtual YouTubers are YouTubers who appear as 3D animation avatars. The term was first used by Virtual YouTuber Kizuna Ai whose popularity reaches Indonesia. Based on pre-research, 96 of 100 Indonesian Japanese pop-culture fans know Kizuna Ai, 86 has watched her vlogs, and 53 subscribe her YouTube channel. This research’s goal is to understand motives and meanings in watching Kizuna Ai’s vlogs. Phenomenology method is used. Even though Virtual YouTubers are virtual, their presences can be captured by five senses. Based on the research’s results, there are two kinds of motive in watching Kizuna Ai’s vlogs: because motive consisting interest motive and curiosity motive, and in-order-to motives consisting desire for information motive, self-actualization needs motive, competency motive, desire for entertainments motive, and self-existence needs motive. Meanwhile, the meanings in watching Kizuna Ai’s vlogs are ideal partner representation, escape from problems, interest in Japanese pop-culture representation, role-model for interacting with others, and the importance of being expressive and expressing opinions.

Keywords


Virtual YouTuber, motive, meaning, phenomenology.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.29313/mediator.v12i2.4758

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