Identity Management Online and Offline among Multi-religious Communities

Muhammad Nur Ichsan, Prahastiwi Utari, Ign Agung Satyawan

Abstract


As a multicultural nation Indonesia has various numbers of ethnicity, language, culture and religion. The diversity sometimes cause dynamics in social life including horizontal conflict which one of the reasons behind it is the difference of identity in terms of religion. Religion issue becomes one sensitive issue for plural society which potentially create ‘disunity’ both in online and the offline spheres. That issue is not separated from the convenience of using social media. The purpose of this research is to portray the reality that really occurs in online and offline spaces related to identity management in multi-religious interaction. What was meant by online space is related to social media literacy, namely observing the dynamics of interaction on religious issues. Whereas in the offline space, this research illustrates the interactions that occur in the management of multi-religious identity in the community of Wiloso hamlet, Girikarto Village, Panggang District, Gunungkidul Regency, Yogyakarta. This research is qualitative with the phenomenology approach, the theory that was used is the identity management theory. The data collection was carried out through observation and in-depth interviews also study of various literature. The result of the research shows that social media has the connection to the emergence of conflict regarding differences in religious identity, especially on political momentum. Whereas in the offline sphere religious harmony can be  established because the differences are not seen as differences but are interpreted as wealth in a plural nation. As a multicultural nation Indonesia has various numbers of ethnicity, language, culture and religion. The diversity sometimes cause dynamics in social life including horizontal conflict which one of the reasons behind it is the difference of identity in terms of religion. Religion issue becomes one sensitive issue for plural society which potentially create ‘disunity’ both in online and the offline spheres. That issue is not separated from the convenience of using social media. The purpose of this research is to portray the reality that really occurs in online and offline spaces related to identity management in multi-religious interaction. What was meant by online space is related to social media literacy, namely observing the dynamics of interaction on religious issues. Whereas in the offline space, this research illustrates the interactions that occur in the management of multi-religious identity in the community of Wiloso hamlet, Girikarto Village, Panggang District, Gunungkidul Regency, Yogyakarta. This research is qualitative with the phenomenology approach, the theory that was used is the identity management theory. The data collection was carried out through observation and in-depth interviews also study of various literature. The result of the research shows that social media has the connection to the emergence of conflict regarding differences in religious identity, especially on political momentum. Whereas in the offline sphere religious harmony can be  established because the differences are not seen as differences but are interpreted as wealth in a plural nation.Keywords: Social Media, Identity Management, Religion

Keywords


Social Media, Identity Management, Religion

References


Audiensi Forum Kerukunan Umat Beragama (FKUB) Kabupaten Gunungkidul dengan Bupati Gunungkidul. (2019, Januari 22). Diambil kembali dari https://kesbangpol. gunungkidulkab. go.id/ berita -83/ audiensi-forum- kerukunan-umat- bergama-fkub- kabupatengunungkidul-dengan-bupatigunungkidul.html.

Baig, F. Z. (2019). Power, Ideology and Identity in Digital Literacy: A Sociolinguistic Study. International Journal of English Linguistics; Vol 9 No. 4.

Bungin, B. (2007). Penelitian Kualitatif : Komunikasi, Ekonomi, Kebijakan Publik dan Ilmu Sosial lainnya. Jakarta: Putra Grafika.

Eddles-Hirsch, K. (2015). Phenomenology and Educational Research. International Journal of Advanced Research. Vol. 3 Issue 8.

Giles, H. a. (1987). Ethnolinguistic Identity Theory: A Social Psychological Approach to Language Maintenance, Vol. 68. 69-99.

Gunawan, I. (2016). Metode Penelitian Kualitatif Teori & Praktik. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Jadilah Netizen Cerdas, Kenali Berita Hoaks di Media Sosial. (2019, Maret 13). Diambil kembali dari https://lifestyle.kompas.com/read/2019/03/13/182324520/jadilah- netizen-cerdas-kenali-berita-hoaks-di-media-sosial?page=all

Jay, A. (2017, Desember 17). Mengapa Hoax dan Ujaran Kebencian di Media Sosial Tak Mereda? Diambil kembali dari https://tirto.id/mengapa- hoax-dan -ujaran- kebencian -di-media-sosial-tak-mereda-cBSR

Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia Pusat Bahasa. (2008). Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Kim, Y. K. (2018). Developing Youth’s Multicultural Perspective within Media Education. Master's thesis in Media Education, University of Tampere School of Education.

Leaning, M. (2019). An Approach to Digital Literacy through the Integration of Media and Information Literacy. . Journal of Media and Communication, Vol. 7, Issue2, 4-13.

Littlejohn, S. W. (2017). Theories of Human Communication (11th ed). America: Waveland Press.

McCullough, M. E. (2009). Religion, Self-Regulation and Self-Control: Association, Explanations and Implication. Psychological Bulletin, Vol. 135 No. 1, 69-93.

Nelson, L. R. (2017). Becoming a Transracial Family: Communicatively Negotiating Divergent Identities in Families Formed Through Transracial Adoption. Journal of Communication.

Noor, J. (2011). Metodologi Penelitian: Skripsi, Tesis, Disertasi, dan Karya Ilmiah. Jakarta: Kencana Prenadamedia Group.

Pieterse, E. G. (2018). A Multicultural Approach to Digital Information Literacy Skills Evaluation in an Israeli College. Communication in Information Literacy, 12 (2), 107-127.

Rachmadsyah, S. (2010). https://www. hukumonline. com/klinik/detail/ulasan /cl6556/ham- dan-kebebasan-beragama-di-indonesia. Diambil kembali dari HAM dan Kebebasan Beragama di Indonesia.

Riset Penggunaan Media Sosial di Indonesia (2019). (2019, Agustus 6). Diambil kembali dari https://databoks.katadata. co.id/datapublish/ 2019/02/08/berapa -pengguna- media -sosial-indonesia

Rummens, J. (1993). Personal Identity and Social Structure in Saint Maartin: A Plural Identity Approach. Thesis/Dissertation, York University, Toronto.

Sholihah, K. (2016). Analisis Literasi Digital: Studi Pemanfataan Jurnal Elektronik oleh Mahasiswa Magister Manajemen di Perpustakaan UKSW Salatiga. Yogyakarta: Program Pacasarjana Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Kalijaga.

Soekanto, S. (2003). Sosiologi: Suatu Pengantar. Jakarta: Rajawali Grafindo Persada.

Tuffour, I. (2017). A Critical Overview of Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis: A Contemporary Qualitative Research Approach. Journal of Healthcare Communications, Vol. 2 No. 4.

Wiwoho, B. (2018, Februari 12). Kelompok Intoleran Ancam Kerukunan Umat Beragama. Diambil kembali dari https://www.cnnindonesia.com/nasional/20180212070430 -20-275505/ kelompok-intoleran-ancam-kerukunan-umat-beragama




DOI: https://doi.org/10.29313/mediator.v13i1.5293

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




 

   

 


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a 
Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License